Construir la paz en la mente de los hombres y de las mujeres

Serie UNESCO sobre la educación periodística

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El apoyo de la UNESCO a la educación periodística está respaldado por una fuerte convicción de que los estándares periodísticos profesionales son esenciales para sacar a la luz el potencial de los sistemas de medios para fomentar la democracia, el diálogo y el desarrollo.

Los medios de comunicación profesionales actúan como guardianes del interés público. Es un componente importante de los controles y equilibrios que forman parte de una democracia. Al difundir información confiable a los ciudadanos, los medios de comunicación permiten la participación ciudadana en el desarrollo y fortalecen los mecanismos de retroalimentación de la rendición de cuentas. Los ciudadanos no pueden ejercer y disfrutar de su ciudadanía en ausencia de información y conocimientos cruciales, que los periodistas bien capacitados están en mejores condiciones de proporcionar.

Sin embargo, las tendencias recientes en los últimos años han puesto en peligro al periodismo. Una serie de factores están transformando el panorama de las comunicaciones, planteando preguntas sobre la calidad, el impacto y la credibilidad del periodismo, lo que convierte a la Serie de Excelencia en el Periodismo de la UNESCO en un depósito crucial para la educación y la capacitación en periodismo en todo el mundo.

Los educadores de periodismo pueden explorar la oferta de la UNESCO, que incluye manuales de programas sobre periodismo, noticias falsas e información errónea para ayudar a los periodistas a hacer un balance del cambio climático, particularmente en África y la región Asia-Pacífico (próxima publicación), educación periodística para el desarrollo sostenible, planes de estudio modelo para la educación periodística, una colección de nuevos planes de estudio y, en los próximos meses, un programa de estudios de género, medios y TIC.

Los planes de estudio y los manuales modelo están diseñados para ser utilizados como un curso completo, o pueden usarse de manera personalizada para adaptarse al panorama de los medios y las necesidades de los estudiantes de periodismo a nivel local. Han sido desarrollados por expertos que están a la vanguardia de la educación periodística y se presentan en una variedad de formatos e idiomas.

 

 

Journalism, 'Fake News' and Disinformation

La descripción de esta publicación está disponible solo en inglés.

Developments in the last few years have placed journalism under fire. A range of factors are transforming the communications landscape, raising questions about the quality, impact and credibility of journalism. At the same time, orchestrated campaigns are spreading untruths - disinformation, mal-information and misinformation - that are often unwittingly shared on social media:

- Disinformation: Information that is false and deliberately created to harm a person, social group, organisation or country

- Misinformation: Information that is false but not created with the intention of causing harm

- Mal-information: Information that is based on reality, used to inflict harm on a person, social group, organisation or country.

Written by experts in the fight against disinformation, Journalism, 'Fake News' and Disinformation: Handbook for Journalism Education and Training, is a timely resource and highly topical subject for all those who practice or teach journalism in this Digital Age. The handbook serves as an internationally relevant model curriculum, open to adoption or adaptation.

This model curriculum is an essential addition to teaching syllabi for all journalism educators, as well as practicing journalists and editors who are interested in information, how we share it and how we use it.  It is mission critical that those who practice journalism understand and report on the new threats to trusted information.  Political parties, health professionals, business people, scientists, election monitors and others will also find it useful.

 

 

Model curricula for journalism education: a compendium of new syllabi

La descripción de esta publicación está disponible solo en inglés.

This publication builds on the original UNESCO Model Curricula developed in 2007 and adapted, since then, in over 60 countries. The ten new specialized syllabi on journalism education fill the gap for specialized literacies required by journalism educators to respond to new challenges. Such specialized journalistic literacies include those relating to media sustainability, data mining, intercultural dialogue, global communication, humanitarian crisis, human trafficking, community participation, science and bioethics, as well as gender inequality.

Whereas the original Model Curricula focused on developing countries and emerging democracies, these new syllabi are relevant to all democratic societies in which journalism education is an important part of national efforts at promoting free, independent and pluralistic media development. An added value of these new syllabi consists in the use of globally inclusive sources of references, increased focus on online resources and gender-sensitivity.

This compendium of new syllabi represents UNESCO’s strategic response to the question: How can journalism education continue to renew itself? These questions are framed in an increasingly complex social, political and economic context. In the aftermath of the 2008 global economic and financial crisis, journalism faced its most trying moment, especially in the developed world. And so did journalism education, posing challenges for the future.

The development of the UNESCO Model Curricula is an attempt by UNESCO to set standards based on good practice internationally. The effort derives from a conviction that professional journalistic standards are essential to a media system that can foster democracy, dialogue and development. By improving the quality of journalism education, UNESCO believes that both journalism educators and students stand a better chance of influencing journalistic production at the news-institutional level. In turn, newsrooms that are staffed by well-trained and critically minded journalists are likely to positively influence the processes of democracy and development in their societies, especially in the developing world. A quality journalism education is a guarantor not only of democracy and development, but also of press freedom itself.

 

 

Plan modelo de estudios de periodismo

Como fuente de información, análisis y comentario de los hechos de actualidad, el periodismo desempeña diversas funciones en la sociedad contemporánea. No obstante, el objetivo básico de la mayoría de los periodistas es servir a la sociedad informando a la ciudadanía, interrogándose sobre el modo en que se ejerce el poder, favoreciendo el debate democrático y, con ello, contribuyendo al desarrollo político, económico, social y cultural.

La enseñanza del periodismo tendría que instruir a los estudiantes acerca de la manera de identifi car noticias y reconocer el hecho de interés informativo en un complejo entorno de datos y opiniones, de realizar investigaciones periodísticas, y de escribir, ilustrar, corregir y producir material en diversos formatos de medios de comunicación (periódicos y revistas, radio y televisión e Internet y multimedia) y para el público propio de esos formatos.

 

 

 

Teaching journalism for sustainable development: new syllabi

La descripción de esta publicación está disponible solo en inglés.

This work aims to extend the UNESCO Model Curricula for Journalism Education to include new syllabi covering emerging or particularly relevant themes in journalism education globally. As such, it builds on the model curricula – as well as the supplementary UNESCO publication titled A Compendium of New Syllabi – to effectively respond to new issues facing journalism professionals and teachers.

This publication is especially opportune in its response to a key development challenge of the next 15 years. With the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) coming to an end, and being replaced with what will be called the ‘Sustainable Development Goals’ (SDGs), a long-term pedagogical strategy is called for which can respond to the correlation between a free, independent and pluralistic media system and the overall process of sustainable development.

Against this background, all the syllabi in this particular publication are underpinned by the theme of human development, and indicate UNESCO’s unique normative role in promoting good practices and agenda-setting with regard to journalism education worldwide. In this regard, the publication helps to extend our theoretical understanding of journalism as a responsive, dynamic and evolving practice. In so doing, the publication brings together a diverse ensemble of journalism education experts internationally, and its broad appeal is to integrate the notion of sustainable development into journalistic pedagogy.

 

 

 

 

 

Climate change in Africa: a guidebook for journalists

La descripción de esta publicación está disponible solo en inglés.

This book responds to a very real need in African journalists’ reporting of the complex phenomenon of climate change. Climate change poses a clear danger to lives and livelihoods across Africa. Journalists there have critical roles to play in explaining the cause and effects of climate change, in describing what countries and communities can do to adapt to the impacts ahead, and in reporting on what governments and companies do, or do not do, to respond to these threats.

Yet research on public understanding of climate change and surveys of journalists reveal that across Africa the media can and should do more to tell the story of climate change. UNESCO produced this book to help fill this important gap.

The authors of this guide represent the organizations that have trained hundreds of journalists around the world to report more effectively on climate change. They consulted 44 journalists from 17 African countries and 38 climate-change specialists, who provided their insights into what was missing from African media coverage and how this book should help to fill those gaps.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The global investigative journalism casebook

La descripción de esta publicación está disponible solo en inglés.

The Global Casebook of Investigative Journalism serves as a complement to UNESCO's successful publication Story-Based Inquiry: A Manual for Investigative Journalists 2009). UNESCO has consistently supported initiatives to strengthen investigative journalism throughout the world, which is crucial for freedom of expression and freedom of information. The Casebook aims to enable and enhance the exchange of good practices and networking in investigative journalism worldwide.

The Casebook contains more than 20 recent investigative stories from around the world, covering a wide variety of topical subjects such as freedom of information, good governance, social and legal issues, the environment, health and gender. Each article is accompanied by an explanation of how the authors conducted their research and wrote their pieces. Many of the authors belong to the Global Investigative Journalism Network, and their stories exemplify the cutting-edge techniques and high standards developed within this network.

At a time when media landscapes are rapidly changing, journalism today needs to clearly show its added value for public interest. In this light, credible investigative stories, like the kind promoted in this book, are increasingly important for highlighting the continuing importance of professional journalistic work.

This Casebook thus serves as a key knowledge resource, providing a valuable learning opportunity for journalists and media professionals, as well as for journalism trainers and educators. It will also be used by UNESCO field offices to conduct training courses in investigative reporting.

 

 

 

 

Civic education for media professionals: a training manual

La descripción de esta publicación está disponible solo en inglés.

This manual serves as a resource for journalism students and media professionals in developing countries, providing them with essential knowledge for the analysis of the relationship between media functions and active citizenship, and the underlying nexus of democracy, development and the media based on the fundamental principles of democracy and human rights that lie at the heart of UNESCO’s mandate.

The media is an important part of democracy. A good test of democracy is citizen participation. Civic awareness enables both media practitioners and users to appreciate the role of journalism and media in building democratic societies. The normative nature of the media opens up avenues for negotiating what the media can do to deepen the democratic experience of developing countries in Africa, Asia, Latin America and the Middle East.

The objective of the manual is, therefore, threefold:

- to raise greater civic consciousness among media professionals about the democratic role of the media in the transitional democracies of the developing world;

- to enhance the civic competence of media practitioners to help them in their analysis and reporting of civic affairs; and

- to encourage greater prioritization of civic news among media institutions.

 

 

 

 

 

Criteria and indicators for quality journalism training institutions & identifying potential centres of excellence in journalism training in Africa

 

La descripción de esta publicación está disponible solo en inglés.

The report maps the capacity and potential for excellence of almost one hundred journalism schools across Africa, highlighting the development challenges and opportunities of African journalism institutions and identifying specific areas for support from development partners.

Within the framework of UNESCO’s Programme in Communication and Information, and particularly in view of the action “building professional and institutional capacity for media training”, this report documents the process and results of a project to set up criteria and indicators to assess quality (‘excellence’) of media training institutions, and to map African journalism schools on the African continent, focusing analysis on the quality of the top institutions deemed to be centres of excellence.

Criteria and indicators were defined using the input of seven journalistic experts, including consultants from Theophraste, Orbicom and Journet, global networks of journalism and media schools. Eleven media development agencies and nineteen African journalism schools also provided contributions to the project. Of the ninety-six institutions that were targeted to map Africa’s journalism schools, a total of thirty submitted in-depth information regarding the proposed criteria and indicators. Where the institutions concerned have agreed to make this information public, it can be found under their entries in the online database.

The researchers also visited thirty-four institutions. As a result of the report, twelve candidate institutions were identified as potential Centres of Excellence, and a further nine institutions noted as potential Centres of Reference.

 

 

Media as partners in education for sustainable development: a training and resource kit

La descripción de esta publicación está disponible solo en inglés.

This training kit attempts to provide media professionals with basic information about some priority issues for sustainable development. It also provides practical exercises to inspire investigative reporting, and draws links to existing experience that may enrich the information resources of media professionals.

The kit addresses issues that are being discussed on the social, economic and environmental fronts. It does not pretend to know all the answers, but draws on existing experience and recommends resources for further inquiry and research. It encourages the media to engage in public participation and to debate improvements that can lead to sustainable development. It also seeks to contribute to media awareness and understanding of sustainability.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Getting the Story and Telling it Right, HIV on TV: A Handbook for Television Trainers and Producers

La descripción de esta publicación está disponible solo en inglés.

The handbook is a reference and toolkit designed in three parts to support information and training needs by television producers and trainers. It draws examples from diverse productions including those of UNESCO’s Network of Young Television Producers on HIV and AIDS.

AIBD was supported by UNESCO to prepare the handbook which was tested for usability at several workshops. “We cannot ignore the scope and impact of HIV and AIDS,” said Director Javad Mottaghi. “Broadcasters can help to increase knowledge by ensuring that their staff is up-to-date and informed about all aspects of HIV. They can even save lives by engaging the public in discussion and dialogue about many of the controversial features of this challenging problem we face in current times,” he added. AIBD’s commitment to HIV prevention has been consistent. It is one of few broadcast training institutions that have a designated, full-time staff member working specifically on sensitizing broadcasters and training of TV producers on HIV-related issues.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Getting the Message Across. Reporting on Climate Change and Sustainable Development in Asia and the Pacific: A Handbook for Journalists

La descripción de esta publicación está disponible solo en inglés.

Climate change threatens to reverse many of the development gains that Asia and the Pacific region have made. This is an increasingly important issue for journalists to cover, in order to provide open discussion and access to information for a local response. For journalists in the region, coverage of climate change is of great benefit. At the local level, it can save lives, formulate plans, change policy and empower people to make informed choices. Through informed reporting, journalists can shed a light on the wealth of activities that people are already undertaking to prepare for climate change. On an international level, it can bring Asia Pacific stories to global audiences and help encourage the rich and powerful countries, their citizens and the companies based there, to act in solidarity with climate vulnerable communities.

Getting the Message Across, Reporting on Climate Change and Sustainable Development in Asia and the Pacific: A Handbook for Journalists has been customized for journalists to tell the climate change story specific to the region. It explores the essential aspects of climate change, including its injustices to vulnerable communities, especially women and girls and least developed countries, and provides examples of best practices and stories of hope unique to the region. It can be used as a resource for journalists to understand the science of climate change, as well as helping journalists to improve their reporting of the environmental, social, economic ̧ political, technological and other angles of the story.