Construir la paz en la mente de los hombres y de las mujeres

Décima Consulta sobre la Convención relativa a la Lucha contra las Discriminaciones en la Esfera de la Enseñanza (en inglés)

UNESCO regularly monitors the implementation of its standard-setting instruments through periodic consultations.

By launching a consultation, UNESCO requests Members States to submit reports on the measures taken in order to implement the instruments (Conventions for countries that have ratified and Recommendations for all Member States).

The Convention and Recommendation, which will be celebrating their 60th anniversary this year, reflects UNESCO’s constitutional mission of instituting collaboration among nations to “advance the ideal of equality of educational opportunities without regard to race, sex or any distinctions, economic or social.”

The purpose of these instruments, recognized as a cornerstone of Education 2030 Agenda, is the elimination of discrimination in education alongside the adoption of concrete measures aimed at promoting equality of opportunities and treatment in this field. 

The monitoring of the right to education in the context of Education 2030 and the Sustainable Development Agenda is of crucial importance to guarantee government accountability and transparency.

Under Article VIII of the Constitution of UNESCO, Member States are required to submit a report on the legislative and administrative provisions they have adopted and on other measures taken to implement the conventions and recommendations.

In accordance with UNESCO procedures, Member States are requested to submit such reports every four years.

The purpose of reporting is to illustrate the actions taken to implement the instruments, the progress made and the difficulties encountered by Member States.

UNESCO has so far conducted nine consultations and is now launching its 10th Consultation.


In February 2020, UNESCO Director-General requested Member States to submit national reports on the measures taken for the implementation of these instruments.

Based on national reports received, an analytical report synthesizing the finding of the consultation will be prepared and submitted to UNESCO’s Governing Bodies in 2021.

The analytical report on the results of the previous Consultation is available for information in English.


Guidelines for the Preparation of national reports were prepared by the Secretariat and approved by the Executive Board in October 2019.

These Guidelines provide necessary orientations for the preparation of the report. As the scope and content of the legal obligations under the right to education are aligned with SDG4 on education, efforts have been made to ensure that the specific components are included in the guidelines and that the guidelines serve as a valuable monitoring tool for measuring progress towards SDG4 targets.


UNESCO’s Member States are constitutionally required to report to the Organization on the implementation of UNESCO’s instruments.

Participation in consultations offers a valuable opportunity to assess progress and identify challenges, build constructive dialogue with all stakeholders including civil society, and share good practices. 

The Global Observatory on the Right to Education is notably enriched by information provided in the context of consultations.

Based on the previous consultations, reports and mappings have been produced and serve as essential tools for information-sharing and advocacy in connection with the right to education.

Findings of the previous consultations

More information

On the Convention and the Recommendation

On monitoring