Italy continued the implementation of the Third National Action Plan (2016-2020) adopted in compliance with "Resolution no. 1325 (2000)" of the United Nations Security Council (S / RES / 1325) on "Women, Peace and Security" and subsequent Resolutions, including promotion, monitoring and evaluation actions. The subjects requesting contributions must document their institutional vocation and / or previous experience, in Italy or abroad, in the sector of support for women's rights and / or the implementation of Resolution 1325/2000 of the Security Council and subsequent Resolutions as part of the "Women Peace and Security" Agenda. Moreover, according to the national objectives, Italy strenghtened, in recent years, the issues related to the promotion of "human rights" and "gender equality" by the action of Italian cooperation, adhering to the shared values and fundamental principles of the European Union (which since 2010 has adopted of a specific "Eu Action Plan on Gender Equality and Women's Empowerment in Development 2010-2015" - Geap).
The Italian strategy on gender and related sustainable development issues aims in particular to strengthen collaboration with national and decentralized institutions, with Italian universities and NGOs to define a specific approach that takes into account the experiences of Italian women in participating in life. political, social and economic of the country; establish lasting relationships with women in institutions and civil society both at national level and with cooperation partner countries in order to promote their participation; create specific collaborations with the multilateral system and with multilateral agencies for the creation of international platforms and conventions on the subject of Gender policies defined at the UN. Initiatives in favor of the socio-economic development of women and gender equality are underway, for example, in sub-Saharan Africa. These are specifically the "Women Economic Empowerment and Social Integration" projects in Ethiopia; "Project to support the national strategy for gender equality (Pasneeg), in Senegal; "Program to support the socio-economic empowerment of women (Pesed)", in Mozambique.
The implementation of "Women, Peace and Security" Resolution is coordinate by CIDU (Comitato interministeriale DIritti Umani) and the Department for Equal Opportunities (DIpartimento per le Pari Opportunita- Presidenza del Consiglio dei Ministri http://www.pariopportunita.gov.it/approfondimenti/decreto-donne-pace-e-s...) in collaboration with UNAR (www.unar.it).
The Office for the promotion of equal treatment and the removal of discrimination based on race or ethnic origin (UNAR) was established with Legislative Decree 9 July 2003, no. 215, transposing the community directive n. 2000/43 CE and operates within the Department for Equal opportunities of the Presidency of the Council of Ministers. UNAR has the function of guaranteeing, in full autonomy of judgment and in conditions of impartiality, the effectiveness of the principle of equal treatment between people, of supervising the operation of the instruments of protection in force against discrimination and of helping to remove discrimination based on race and ethnic origin by analyzing the different impact they have on gender and their relationship with other forms of racism of a cultural and religious nature.
In particular UNAR:
- provides assistance to the victims of discriminatory behavior in the proceedings undertaken by the latter both in administrative and judicial matters, through the dedicated action of a special Contact center;
- carries out inquiries in order to verify the existence of discriminatory phenomena in compliance with the prerogatives of the judicial authority;
- promotes the adoption of positive action projects in collaboration with non-profit associations;
- spreads the utmost knowledge of protection tools through awareness-raising actions and communication campaigns;
- formulates recommendations and opinions on issues related to discrimination based on race and ethnic origin;
- promotes studies, research, training courses and exchanges of experiences, also in collaboration with associations and non-governmental organizations operating in the sector, also in order to develop guidelines or codes of conduct in the field of combating discrimination based on race or ethnic origin.