The Cuban Ministry of Culture and its system of institutions give high priority to issues related to the mobility of artists, writers, and cultural professionals. Consequently, the measure establishes to purposefully work in the identification and extension of spaces at international level where to position the Cuban cultural product, and thus contributing to its expansion and development. Also, it encourages the presence in Cuba of the best exponents of the art and the universal culture, aimed at complementing the cultural programming offered to the Cuban public and stimulating the creative processes and exchange with our artists. Furthermore, it seeks to consolidate the mechanisms of dialogue with Cuban artists living in other countries, and strengthen their links with the Cuban artistic and institutional sector.
During the period, the management mechanisms that encourage the mobility of Cuban artists abroad were updated and expanded, based on the new migratory regulations established in the country, which include, in the same measure, the mobility with internal or external institutional support or on behalf of artist themselves. The institutional support of a financial and legal nature was consolidated for specific projects of Cuban artists and intellectuals, in accordance with the priorities established in the various documents governing the country's socioeconomic activity.
In general, the cultural exchange actions promoted by the Ministry of Culture and its system of institutions, which favor the incoming and outgoing mobility of artists, have exceeded a thousand in the last four years, achieving a presence in more than 40 countries, in about
200 international spaces, between fairs and festivals of different manifestations.
The system of cultural institutions makes important efforts to support its artists and professionals in their participation in important international events. In the field of literature, it has been possible to attend more than 20 international events on a regular basis, with the participation of Cuban publishing houses and the presence of more than 60 Cuban representatives, among which are authors, editors and literary agents. In all cases, it has a stand, which allows showing and commercializing contemporary Cuban literature and participating, besides, in the literary and professional program of the fairs. In the last two years, Cuba was invited to be the Guest of Honor at the Santa Cruz de la Sierra Book Fair in Bolivia, Liber in Barcelona, the Mendoza International Book Fair in Argentina and at the Montevideo International Book Fair in 2019. It has also been present in the international book fairs of Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic; Bogota, Colombia; Lima, Peru; Beijing, China; Montevideo, Uruguay; Frankfurt, Germany; FILVEN, Venezuela; Guadalajara, Mexico; Antofagasta, Chile; Madrid, Spain and Vietnam, among others.
During the last 4 years, the Cuban cinema has been present in more than 100 international festivals, represented in several countries of the five continents, with the presence of important film directors, actors, scriptwriters and photographers. Among them, the following stand out:
1. Cannes International Film Festival, France.
2. Toronto International Film Festival, Canada.
3. Vancouver International Film Festival (viff), Canada.
4. FICG Guadalajara, Mexico.
5. San Diego Latino Film Festival, United States.
6. Tribeca Film Festival, United States.
7. Chicago Latino Film Festival, United States.
8. International Film Festival of Trieste, Italy
9. Torino Film Festival, Italy.
10. Latin American Film Festival in Sydney, Australia.
11. Festival of Lima, Peru.
12. Locarno International Film Festival, Switzerland.
13. Shanghai International Film Festival, China.
14. Busan International Film Festival, South Korea.
15. Iff Panama.
16. Rio De Janeiro International Film Festival, Brazil.
17. Mar Del Plata International Film Festival, Argentina.
18. Vina Del Mar International Film Festival, Chile.
19. The Golden Rooster and the Hundred Flowers International Film Festival, Xiamen, China.
20. International Fine Arts Film Festival, Dominican Republic
21. Malaga International Film Festival, Spain.
22. Huelva International Film Festival, Spain.
23. International Invisible Film Festival "Film Sozialak" of Bilbao, Spain.
24. Nicaraguan Film and Audiovisual Festival.
25. Trinidad and Tobago Film Festival.
Cuba has participated in important international visual arts events, such as the XIII Biennial of Contemporary Art of Dakar-Senegal, held at the Museum of Black Civilizations, the Making Bridges Exhibition, at the Myrtis Gallery, in Baltimore, United States, and the 58th Venice Biennial, Italy. In each case, the most renowned exponents of Cuban plastic arts represented our country, including National Prizes in the sector and new figures with important results in individual and collective exhibitions, both nationally and internationally.
In the field of music, Cuba has been annually represented by more than 300 groups in international festivals and artistic tours in more than 50 countries around the world, such as the United States, Argentina, Mexico, Colombia, Chile, Peru, the Philippines, Mongolia, Aruba, Panama, Nicaragua, Haiti, the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, China, South Africa, Botswana, Mozambique, Zimbabwe and various countries in Europe, including France, Germany, Spain, and Italy.
The participation of Cuban performing artists in international events has led to the mobility of about 140 creators in 40 festivals and events in 14 countries and has expanded the presence to festivals such as the Vietnam Circus Festival and the International Performing Clown Festival "Festiclown" in El Salvador and Central America. The National Ballet of Cuba is, without a doubt, one of the main dance companies, with recognized international prestige that has performed in various stages worldwide such as the United States, China, Spain, Mexico, Italy, Costa Rica, El Salvador and Oman, among others.
In the specific case of the United States, the mobility has been conditioned during the period by the hardening of that country's policy towards Cuba. As a result, there has been a noticeable decrease in the number of actions carried out, being reduced by about 400 in 2019, with respect to 2016. The regulations imposed for the granting of visas in the field of culture have increased the costs of such mobility to the United States estimated at 77,000 USD, only in 2019.
The most important event held in this country during this period was the Artes de Cuba Festival, organized by the Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts, together with the Ministry of Culture and the Cuban Embassy in Washington, as an expression of Cuba's political will to maintain a cultural exchange between both peoples and to contribute to the normalization of bilateral relations. More than 50 activities took place in this festival, with the participation of approximately 400 artists.
In relation to the presence of exponents of international culture in the country, there are several aspects that favor it. In the organizational order, the mechanism of inter- institutional coordination for the granting of cultural visas issued by the Department of Identification, Immigration and Alien Affairs (DIIA), at the request of the Ministry of Culture, was strengthened and expedited, a management mechanism that encourages the presence of foreign artists, writers and cultural professionals in the country.
Likewise, the strengthening of inter-institutional relations with other OACEs, such as the Ministry of Labor and Social Security (MTSS), facilitates the insertion of foreign personnel in the performance of different activities that complement and enrich institutional and creative tasks within the entities of the culture system.
In the period under evaluation, an index of the presence of foreign artists in our country is constituted by more than 500 actions carried out, which include artistic presentations, conferences, insertion in creation processes and cultural research, as well as the participation in the events organized throughout the country.
As part of the support to the incoming and outgoing mobility of artists, our country promotes the participation of international artists in the main cultural events that take place in Cuba. In this sense, the following annual edition events stand out: The Havana International Book Fair (FILH), the Jazz Plaza Festival, the International Festival of New Latin American Cinema, the International Crafts Fair, the Caribbean Festival. Events with biannual editions, such as the Havana Biennial, the Mayo Teatral International Theater Festival and the International Ballet Festival; and others like the International Conference for the Balance of the World and the activities celebrating the 500th anniversary of the foundation of Havana. The international events that take place in our country regularly welcome a significant number of artists, intellectuals and cultural professionals. During these events, interaction between Cuban and foreign creators is promoted through workshops, experimental sessions and visits to Cuban academies of artistic education. This strengthens the link between artists and promotes new scenarios for mobility.
Measures in favor of the mobility of artists impact on all manifestations. However, music stands out as the main sphere of incoming and outgoing mobility of artists, where the support of the system of cultural institutions has been decisive in the realization of high- impact projects, such as the concert offered by the rock band Rolling Stones in Havana in 2016 and Blondie in 2019; the international tours and performances of musicians of the artistic avant-garde, such as Omara Portuondo, the National Symphony Orchestra, Silvio Rodriguez, Chucho Valdes, the Orquesta Habana de Primera, the Van Van, the groups of
Cuban traditional music, awarded in several occasions with the Latin Grammy awards, and novel exponents of Cuban music such as the singer Cimafunk.
The mobility measures also include the organization of cultural days of other countries in Cuba, through the management of the Division of International Relations of the Ministry of Culture, together with the system's institutions and the diplomatic offices accredited in the country. In this sense, in 2019, about 50 cultural days and weeks of cinema and theater from different countries were held, as opposed to 13 in 2016.
The insertion of these activities into the cultural programming brings the most relevant expressions of the arts and culture of different countries closer to the Cuban public, while they become the main reference for the consumption of the manifestations of universal art.
The Ministry of Culture also has the Paradiso Cultural Tourism Agency, which promotes tourist packages focused on the approach and knowledge of Cuban culture and participation in cultural events. It also has a line of academic services that offers courses of different lengths in training modalities and complete training in diverse manifestations of art and culture.
The insertion of foreign students into the artistic education systems at all levels is encouraged by applying to the calls and granting study visas. At the end of 2019, 510 foreigners were studying in our cultural institutions, an indicator that has increased since 2016, when 361 were reported. The growth in the number of foreign students studying in our country is proof of the worldwide prestige of our education system at all levels, and is the result of mobility policies, mainly the promotion of scholarships and courses provided by Cuban cultural institutions.
Similarly, work was done to consolidate Cuba's participation in the cooperation programs of the Ibero-American General Secretariat's (SEGIB) Cultural Space. As a result, Cuban institutions joined the Ibermuseos and Iberorquestas Juveniles programs, participated as a guest country in IberCulturas Vivas y Comunitarias, and strengthened the link with Ibermedia, Ibermusicas and Iberartesanias programs. The objective of the Cultural Space of SEGIB, among others, is to stimulate the mobility of artists and cultural professionals of Ibero-America.
During this period, the visit to Cuba of important directors and personalities of the world culture was formalized, in order to fulfill the proposed objectives of expanding and consolidating spaces for the presentation of our artists, as well as to achieve greater links with international institutions that promote the diversity of cultural expressions and cultural management in general. These activities were supported by the management of the Ministry of Culture and its system of institutions, as well as other state administration bodies, depending on the facilities for entering our country, the guarantee of accommodation and transportation, as well as the preparation of visit programs that included interviews with senior officials, personalities and Cuban artists.
Among the most relevant are about 30 visits of ministers and high authorities of culture from Latin America and the Caribbean, Europe, Africa and Asia; two Directors General of UNESCO; the Secretary General of the Organization of Ibero-American States; the Secretary General of the Ibero-American General Secretariat, as well as other personalities from different levels and culture sectors.
|Name of partner||Type of entity|
The Ministry of Labor and Social Security
The Ministry of Tourism
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs
The Ministry of Foreign Trade and Foreign Investment
* Consolidate the proactive work of the institutions of the system of culture and the Ministry of Culture, according to the objectives and priorities defined for international work.
* Continue supporting the mobility of Cuban artists and creators abroad, based on the optimization of the defined management mechanisms.
* Take advantage of international funding sources, mainly those resulting from the governance mechanisms of recognized multilateral organizations, dedicated to promoting the mobility of artists, with the aim of expanding the relationship capacity of our creators.