Describe the main features of the policy/measure:
The Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism formed the Women’s Culture Task Force in 2003, and continued to promote cultural polices for women. The revision of ｢Framework Act on Women’s Development｣ (1995) to ｢Framework Act on Gender Equality｣ raised the need to implement substantial gender equality in the fields of culture, sports, and tourism. Therefore, the Gender Equality Policy Division was newly established in May 2019 under the Planning and Coordination Office within the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism. They manage and coordinate the gender equality policies in the fields of culture, sports and tourism, create gender equal environment, improve awareness of the professionals in the forementioned fields, and actively promote policies to eliminate sexual harassment and violence. In 2020, a budget of 1 Billion Won for ‘creating gender equal cultural environment’ was secured and actively used to promote, research, study, respond, and develop a manual for spreading the culture of gender equality and prevention and elimination of sexual harassment and violence. The budget is increasing every year. To meet the gender balance in public policy process, the gender ratio within the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism is regularly administered in senior officials, head of offices and government council members. The ratio of internal councils is also inspected with related departments to maintain gender balance. To establish policies needed in the field, the Ministry formed a ‘gender equality policy committee’, and ‘gender equal council', which consists of officials in charge of the matters within private organization or public institutions. They also hold regional on-site forums to seek solutions to develop gender equality. Furthermore, to spread the culture of gender equality and raise awareness in the fields of art and culture, The Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism hold ‘Gender Equal Culture Award’, use the Bechdel test to select and promote excellent gender equal films and filmmakers, discover and develop contemporary women-figure projects, and create gender sensitivity education content that is customized by professions. Also, as an institutional basis for gender equality throughout the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism, they conduct gender impact assessment over major policies and projects, and enhance gender balance by managing gender sensitive budgeted projects. Lastly, The Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism conduct a gender sensitivity statistics research to bridge the gender gap when making a policy.
What are the results achieved so far through the implementation of the policy/measure?:
Since the MeToo movement in the fields of art and culture in 2018, active measures were carried out to create gender equal environment. In December 2018, the 'Culture Vision 2030' announced a cultural policy tasks for gender equality society through forming a cultural ecosystem without gender discrimination or sexual violence, creating an administrative reform for a gender-equal cultural ecosystem, and building a women-friendly ecosystem and gender equality society. Since then, the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism has promoted projects such as enhancing woman representation in the public sector, basis building for implementing gender equality policies, spreading, and raising awareness of the culture of gender equality. First, as a result of efforts to improve gender balance in the policy making process, the ratio of women in the senior management increased from 7.1% in 2018 to 15.5% in 2021, and the ratio of women as head of office level more than doubled from 22.2% in 2018 to 49.1% in 2021. The ratio of commissioned women members of the Government Committee with 40% or more were also increased by 20%, from 70.8% in 2018 to 92.6% in 2021. 106 internal committee revised and completed their directives, regulations, and notices to avoid specific gender from exceeding 60% when organizing external members. The public and private sector also formed the 'Gender Equality Policy Committee' in 2018, holding 24 discourses and receiving advices on gender equality policies and measures against sexual harassment and violence. The committee held three discussion sessions on gender equality issues in the fields of art and culture. The private organizations and public institutions of the committee operate ‘Gender Equality Council’ to spread the culture of gender equality and share the policies. Also, they hold regional on-site forums every year to spread the initiative to fields and regions, where field workers share the status of gender equality and seek development plans. In order to spread the culture of gender equality and raise awareness in the fields of art and culture, the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism run Gender Equal Culture Awards by selecting people and content that contributed to the spread of culture of gender equality. They use Bechdel test to select and promote excellent gender equality films-series (20 works) and filmmakers (8 people). They also discovered and hosted a special exhibition of contemporary woman figures (December 2021), and created a customized gender-sensitivity education content (5 copies) for arts and culture planning and administration personnels. The gender impact assessment (55 out of 107 cases improved) was conducted for the major policies and projects, and the gender sensitivity budgeted project was expanded by 10% in 2021 to improve gender discrimination and to enhance the gender balance. In order to understand the current status of gender proportion and promote effective gender equality policies, three studies were carried out. An status analysis of gender sensitivity in the fields of culture, sports and tourism, a study on the development of gender equality index in the field of culture, sports and tourism, and a statistical analysis of gender sensitivity in the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism. In order to enhance the gender equality competency of employees within the organization, the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism provide gender sensitivity education four times a year, and distribute a gender equality administrative guide book for policy makers as to promote policies from gender equality perspective. Lastly, the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism are promoting diverse methods such as issuing monthly updates with the major gender equality policies domestically and abroad and distributing card news on trending issues.
Financial resources allocated to the policy/measure in USD:
1,030 Million Won, 784,000 Dollars /As of 2021
Partner(s) engaged in the implementation of the measure:
|Name of partner||Type of entity|
, Korea Culture & Tourism Institute, Korea Women's Development Institute
Cultural and Artistic Organizations, Gender Equality Organizations
Civil Society Organization (CSO)
Has the implementation of the policy/measure been evaluated?: