Nowadays, a fairly extensive network of print and electronic media of various forms of ownership and various orientations operate and develop in the Republic of Belarus. Foreign media are also widely represented in the country's media space (more than 4,000, including periodicals from Russia, Ukraine, Kazakhstan, the USA, Great Britain, Germany, Italy, France, the Netherlands, Poland, Lithuania, Latvia).
The principle of informational freedom in the Republic of Belarus is enshrined in such constitutional rights as the right to receive, store and disseminate complete, reliable and timely information about the activities of state bodies, public associations, political, economic, cultural and international life, the state of the environment (Part 1 Article 34); freedom of the mass media (section 33 (2). The basis of the mass media activity is the Law of the Republic of Belarus of July 17, 2008 "On the Mass Media", which takes into account the approaches of international legal regulation and experience in the field of mass media.
Today, 722 newspapers and 851 magazines are published in Belarus. More than two thirds of them are private. Printed publications are published mainly in Belarusian and Russian, however, there are certain publications in English, Polish, Ukrainian, and German.
There are periodic specialized publications devoted only to cultural topics: "Kultura" (Culture) and "Litaratura and Mastatstva" (Literature & Arts) newspapers, Art and Culture magazine and "Mastastva" (Arts) magazines. The Belarus-3 TV channel and the Culture channel of the Belarusian radio are completely devoted to cultural issues. The Ministry of Information of the Republic of Belarus allocates state subsidies to support certain publications promoting the national culture and publishing in the Belarusian language. For example, "Zvyazda" newspaper; "Maladosts", "Polymya", "Nyoman" literary and art magazines, and "Litaratura i Mastatstva" newspaper. They play a significant role in popularizing the best examples of the Belarusian literature. "Kultura" newspaper and "Mastatstva", "Narodnaya Asveta", "Belaruski Hystarychny Chasopis" magazines contribute to the methodological support of the scientific and educational process in the country and provide significant assistance to teachers. This list also includes certain newspapers and magazines in Belarusian for adolescents and children: "Byarozka" and "Vyaselka".
In accordance with the new version of the Law of the Republic of Belarus On Mass Media dated December 1, 2018, the country's television and radio companies should have provided 30% of the Belarusian (national) content in the broadcast network by the end of 2020.
Besides the print media, there are 167 radio programs and 98 television programs broadcasting in Belarus. 27 radio programs and 54 television programs are private. About 30 radio stations, including but not limited to Radius-FM, Radio Unistar (Belarusian-German media project), Europe Plus, FM-broadcast in Belarus. The broadcasts of the Belarus radio station in Belarusian, Russian, English, German, Polish, French, Spanish and Chinese are intended for foreign audiences. There are national television channels: Belarus 1, Belarus 2 (youth), Belarus 3 (social and cultural), Belarus 5 (sport), "Obshchenatsionalnoye Televideniye" (ONT), and "Stolichnoye Televideniye" (STV). In September 2015, the regional television channel Belarus 4 started broadcasting. Today it acts as a platform for all the regions of the country and as the Belarusian international satellite television channel Belarus 24. Its audience is about 270,000,000 viewers in 100 countries. The basis of the Belarus 24 content is news and analytics about the most important events in the country and the world, the history and culture of Belarus, its visitor attractions, famous people, cuisine, and etc.
By June 2015, Belarus has made a complete transition from analogue to digital broadcasting. Today, digital broadcasting (the first multiplex of 8 television and 1 radio programs) is available to almost 100% of the country's population.
There are more than 200 foreign television channels rebroadcasted in the territory of the Republic of Belarus, including Euronews, BBC, Eurosport.
The Law of the Republic of Belarus On the Rights of the Child (November 19, 1993 No. 2570-XII as amended of May 13, 2016) and the Program of Continuous Education of Children and Young People for 2016 -- 2020 provided for the existence of specialized children and youth content in the Belarusian media. The thematic profile of the children's press related to the implementation of the goals of the program is determined by such Belarusian publications as "Vyaselka", "Zorka", "Yuny Spasatel", "Perekhodny Vozrast", etc. They cover the creative and intellectual successes and problems of children and adolescents, publish materials on a healthy lifestyle, current cultural events, the choice of a future profession, ecology, Belarusian historical heritage, etc.
10-15% of the air content of the republican and local state television and radio channels is broadcasting for children and young people.
1) a variety of media content is provided;
2) the rights of independent and private media are ensured;
3) there are special media for youth audiences and children, as well as for various sub-cultural groups.
The data is not available
|Name of partner||Type of entity|
Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Belarus
Ministry of Sport and Tourism of the Republic of Belarus
Ministry of Education of the Republic of Belarus