The following are some notable programmes that have been implemented in Indonesia to increase participation in and access to diverse cultural expressions:
1. Indonesiana Cultural Platform;
2. National Cultural Week; and
3. House of Indonesian Culture.
The Indonesiana cultural platform (see Goal 2, Cultural Programmes and Activities Supporting the Mobility of Artists and Cultural Professionals between Developing and Developed Countries) is a programme to support cultural activities in Indonesia and aimed at strengthening the management of cultural activities to become more sustainable, well-connected and developed. Through a more professional management, it is hoped that artists and public participation in and access to the diversity of cultural expressions will increase significantly, especially participation in and access to the cultural events such as performances, festivals, exhibitions, etc.
Meanwhile, the Ministry of Education and Culture (Kemendikbud) in collaboration with the cultural communities and groups organized the 2019 National Cultural Week (Pekan Kebudayaan Nasional/PKN). This National Cultural Week gathered 58 art groups (sanggar) and galleries, as well as 31 artists and musicians. In addition, this one-week series of events also gathered 453 members of the committee team, 379 participants in a series of exhibitions, 3265 participants and performers in the daily events, 4233 participants and performers in the cultural parade, more than 8000 people as guests/invitees, and more than 150,000 visitors.
PKN was designed as a cultural space with the government - in this case the Ministry of Education and Culture, plays the role as facilitator - providing a public space/forum for the communities to express their cultural diversity. PKN serves as a space/forum to increase access to the diversity of cultural expressions, in which the role of the cultural communities is key in building a creative, participatory and inclusive culture. As a follow up to the PKN, Local Governments are encouraged to organize Regional Cultural Week at their respective regional levels, both at the provincial, district and municipality levels.
Another programme which increases participation in and access to diverse cultural expressions is the House of Indonesian Culture (Rumah Budaya Indonesia/RBI). The RBI has been reported in Indonesia's 2016 Quadrennial Periodic Report. Since the time of that report, new Houses of Indonesian Culture have been established in 19 countries, namely the United States, Australia, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, Germany, France, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, China, India, Japan , Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, Singapore, Thailand, Timor Leste, the Philippines, Myanmar and Turkey. The RBI establishment in these 19 countries is a continuation to the 10 previously established RBIs.
RBI usually has three programmes, namely (1) Cultural Learning, where foreign citizens or Indonesian diaspora can learn Indonesian culture at RBI; (2) Cultural Expression, which is usually done through organizing Indonesian cultural festivals or participation of Indonesian diaspora in local cultural festivals; and (3) Advocacy and Promotion on Indonesian culture. The Education and Culture Attache in each of these countries has the duty to organize cultural activities which will be supported by the Directorate of Diplomacy and Cultural Heritage, the Center for Development of Language Strategy and Diplomacy (PPSDB), and the Center for Film Development (Pusbang Film).
In general, the programmes to increase participation in and access to the diversity of cultural expressions are aimed at contributing to the realization of the following National Strategy for Culture (see Goal 1, Main Policies and Measures that Contain Strategies and Frameworks for the Development of the Integrated Cultural and Creative Economy Sector):
1. Provide space for the diversity of cultural expressions and encourage cultural interaction to strengthen the inclusiveness of culture (Agenda 1);
2. Protect and develop values, expressions, and practices of traditional culture to enrich national culture (Agenda 2); and
3. Strengthen the role of government as facilitator in the advancement of culture (Agenda 7).