Policies and Measures Supporting the Development of Film Industry

Ministry of Education and Culture
Ministry of Tourism and Creative Economy/Tourism and Creative Economy Agency
Indonesian Film Board
Describe the main features of the policy/measure: 

A number of policies and measures that support the development of the film industry in Indonesia are:
1. Law 33 of 2009 on Film;
2. Minister of Education and Culture Regulation 30 of 2019 on Prioritizing Indonesian Films and Prioritizing the Use of Domestic Resources;
3. Indonesian Film Board;
4. Exclusion of Film from the Negative Investment List in 2016;
5. Revitalization of the Work Program of the Film and Culture Development Center of the Ministry of Education and Culture (Pusbang Film);
6. Bekraf One Door Programme; and
7. Balinale International Film Festival.

Law 33 of 2009 on Film (see Goal 1, Specific Policies that Regulate the Cultural and Creative Economy Sector) and the Minister of Education and Culture Regulation 30 of 2019 on Prioritizing Indonesian Films and Prioritizing the Use of Domestic Resources stipulate the film activities and film business. Filmmakers should prioritize Indonesian films throughout the filmmaking activities, film engineering service activities, film distribution activities, film show activities, film appreciation activities, and film archiving activities.

Article 67 of Law 33 of 2009 states that the public can participate in film organization. Furthermore, to increase the public participation (Article 68), the Indonesian Film Board (BPI) was established. The main duties and functions of BPI according to the 2017 Statutes/Rules of the Board are: (1) organizing film festival inside the country; (2) participating in foreign film festivals; (3) organizing Indonesia film week in foreign countries; (4) promoting Indonesia as shooting location to foreign filmmakers; (5) giving inputs to improve Indonesian film industry; (6) conducting researches and development on Indonesian films; (7) giving appreciations/awards; and (8) facilitating the financing of certain selected high quality movies.

In order to maintain the independence of BPI from government intervention, the Film Law regulates that the formation of BPI is carried out by the public. BPI itself is a private institution that is independent in terms of financing. BPI operational costs come from film sector stakeholders, other legal sources in accordance with statutory provisions, and government grants. All fund management carried out by BPI must be audited by a public accountant and announced to the public.

To date, there are 45 organizations that have joined as members of BPI. BPI members consist of various stakeholder elements in the film industry, ranging from film education institutions, film production and distribution companies, associations of film profession, to film communities.

Regarding open access to funding and technology, the Investment Coordinating Board (BKPM) officially excluded the film engineering services (KBLI 59122), filmmaking, film shows, recording studios, and distribution of films from the Negative Investment List in 2016. Thus, the following are open 100 percent for foreign investment and licensing can be arranged through the BKPM One Door Service, namely: (1) permit for the production of film / TV shows; (2) business permit for film engineering service; (3) business permit for film distribution; (4) business permit for archiving films; (5) business license to export films; and (6) business license to import films.

Furthermore, to support the development of the film industry, the Center for Film Development of the Ministry of Education and Culture (Pusbang Film), has the following programmes: (1) Film Licensing Services Programme; (2) Film Facilities Development Programme; (3) Film Control Programme; (4) Film Human Resources Development Programme; (5) the Indonesian Film Archiving Programme; and (6) Appreciation and Awards Programme.

To support the participation of Indonesian films or artists at overseas art festivals, the Bekraf One Door programme provided a number of supports, including: (1) participation in the Toronto International Film Festival; (2) 'Kado' Film participation in the Sundance Film Festival; (3) tour of metal band Noxa in Japan in 2018; (4) participation of four members of the Jakarta Abang-None Theater in the Passport to Broadway programme, an intensive ten-day training course for Broadway musical performance, in New York, USA; and (5) participation of the production team of two films, namely "Aruna and his tongue" and "Autobiography", in the Berlin Film Festival in Germany.

Lastly, the Balinale International Film Festival, which was initiated by CSOs with support from the central and regional governments, has been held regularly in Indonesia every year since 2007. The festival features a variety of Indonesian and international fiction, documentaries, short films and films that have won awards. Various workshops and seminars are also held as part of a series of events to promote Indonesian cinema while discussing trends in global film industry.

In general, the policies and measures supporting the development of film industry are aimed at contributing to the realization of the following National Strategy for Culture (see Goal 1, Main Policies and Measures that Contain Strategies and Frameworks for the Development of the Integrated Cultural and Creative Economy Sector):
1. Provide space for the diversity of cultural expressions and encourage cultural interaction to strengthen the inclusiveness of culture (Agenda 1);
2. Develop and utilize cultural resources to strengthen the position of Indonesia internationally (Agenda 3);
3. Utilize advancement of culture objects to improve people welfare (Agenda 4);
4. Institutional reform and cultural budgeting to support the advancement of culture agenda (Agenda 6); and
5. Strengthen the role of government as facilitator in the advancement of culture (Agenda 7).

Partner(s) engaged in the implementation of the measure: 
Has the implementation of the policy/measure been evaluated?: 
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