Policies and Measures that Support the Diversity of Government Media Content

Ministry of Communication and Informatics
Televisi Republik Indonesia
Radio Republik Indonesia
Ministry of Tourism and Creative Economy
Indonesian Broadcasting Commission
Describe the main features of the policy/measure: 

The followings are policies and measures that support the diversity of government media content:
1. Law 32 of 2002 on Broadcasting.
2. Government Regulation 12 of 2005 on Public Broadcasting Institution of Radio Republik Indonesia;
3. Government Regulation 13 of 2005 on Public Broadcasting Institution of Televisi Republik Indonesia;
4. Minister of Communication and Informatics Regulation 43 of 2009 on Broadcasting Operation through the Network Station System by Private Broadcasting Institutions of Television Broadcasting Services;
5. The Code of Ethics in Broadcasting and Broadcast Program Standards (P3SPS) are media policies that contain the implementation of Network Broadcast System (SSJ); and

The Broadcasting Law is the primary basis for the establishment of the Indonesian Broadcasting Commission (KPI) that divides the authority of broadcasting regulations and controls to two parties, namely the government and the public. An independent body called the Indonesian Broadcasting Commission (KPI) represents the public role officially. The spirit is that the management of the broadcasting system, which is the public sphere, must be managed by an independent body that is free from the interference of investors and interests of powers. One of the basics of a healthy information service function, as stated in the Broadcasting Law, is Diversity of Content (the principle of diversity in content). The focus is on the diversity of broadcast content for the public based on the type of program and program content, where broadcasts about cultural, ethnic, religious, racial and social class groups have the same position and opportunity in broadcasting. People can get a variety of broadcast content, among others, from local or regional broadcasts.

Public Broadcasting Institution is broadcasting institutions in the form of a legal entity established by the state and carry-out radio broadcasting activities. It is independent, neutral, non-commercial, and functions to provide services for the benefit of the community. Government Regulation 37 of 2000 transformed the Radio Republik Indonesia to become Indonesia's Public Broadcasting Institution, referred to as RRI and is a legal entity established by the state. The RRI's year of establishment is 1945.

After the enactment of the 2002 Broadcasting Law, TVRI became a public broadcasting institution along with Radio Republik Indonesia. The funding besides the State Budget (APBN) or the Regional Budget (APBD) also comes from broadcasting fees, community contributions, advertisement broadcasts, and other legitimate businesses related to broadcasting. TVRI's year of establishment is 1962.

The Broadcasting Law mandates the Indonesian Broadcasting Commission (KPI) as the regulatory body to set up rules and guidelines for television and radio programs and productions. The Broadcasting Code of Conduct (P3) is the provisions for broadcasters set by the KPI. The Broadcast Program Standards (SPS) is a broadcast content standard that contains the restriction, violation, and obligation set by the KPI. P3SPS is standard guidance for broadcasting in Indonesia. As a plural nation, Indonesia requires broadcast media that respects and maintains plurality proportionally. Indonesia, therefore, requires a broadcast system that allows each radio or tv branch to broadcast a variety of local content. Implementing the Network Station System (SSJ) is important in maintaining Indonesia's diversity. The Broadcasting Law's principle is democratization where diversity of ownership will produce diversity in content. Media owners must have understood that when a broadcasting permit is issued, it means that in using the public domain, the owner must provide benefits for the local public.

INDISKOP is an initiative of Keana Films, and its development is the result of a collaboration between city-owned market operator Pasar Jaya (Perumda Pasar Jaya), the Indonesian Film Actors Association (Parfi 56), and several parties. Currently only playing old films but, going forward, INDISKOP is likely to show new films. INDISKOP aims to bring equality to all levels of society (Jakarta) and can be a space for interaction and entertainment that brings unity. INDISKOP carries the concept of Educinema, Creative Space, Indonesian Cuisine. The low-priced People's Cinema, which operates in 2019, gives space to the Indonesian film industry and shows all films produced by the nation's film makers. This media conveys Education, Culture, Creativity and instils national values. Creative space as a place for training and educating young people and 12 shops to support local cuisine on an MSME scale equip INDISKOP.

INDISKOP opened its first low-budget cinema building in a traditional market in Teluk Gong, North Jakarta in 2019. The cinema offered a humble alternative for those who wanted to go to the movies but could not afford to go to movie theatre chains in Jakarta. The hope is that INDISKOP will become a starting point or pilot project to inspire other Indonesian-film-only cinemas. INDISKOP only features Indonesian movies, but one thing it has going for is affordable prices. The humble INDISKOP at Teluk Gong Market in Penjaringan, North Jakarta is not connected to any of the movie theatre chains, and as such INDISKOP is known as a people's cinema.

In general, policies and measures that support the diversity of government media content are intended to contribute to the following achievements of the National Strategy for Culture (see Goal 1, Main Policies and Measures that Contain Strategies and Frameworks for the Development of an Integrated Cultural and Creative Economy Sector):
1. Provide space for the diversity of cultural expressions and encourage cultural interaction to strengthen the inclusiveness of culture (Agenda 1).

Financial resources allocated to the policy/measure in USD: 

Government has allocated approx. US$85,000 for TVRI in 2020 State Budget
Government has allocated approx. US$92,000 for RRI in 2020 State Budget

Partner(s) engaged in the implementation of the measure: 
Name of partnerType of entity
Indonesian Telecommunication Regulatory Authority (BRTI)
Public Sector
Press Council
Public Sector
Copyright Council
Public Sector
Indonesian Broadcasting Commission
Public Sector
Electronic Transaction Standardization Agency
Public Sector
Information Commission
Public Sector
Film Censorship Board
Public Sector
Business Competition Supervisory Commission
Public Sector
Perumda Pasar Jaya
Public Sector
Jakarta Provincial Government
Public Sector
PT. Kreasi Anak Bangsa (Keana Films-Production
Private Sector
Ministry of Tourism and Creative Economy/Tourism and Creative Economy Agency
Public Sector
Chamber of Commerce and Industry
Public Sector
Indonesian Film Artists Association
Civil Society Organization (CSO)
Has the implementation of the policy/measure been evaluated?: 
If yes, what are the main conclusions/recommendations?: 

The eight principles of global public broadcasting indicators, according to UNESCO, if fulfilled, can strengthen the role of TVRI and RRI as Public Broadcasting Institutions. The principles are: public TV must be a part of all groups without discrimination (non-partisan); reflect plurality in structure, staff, and service modes; prioritizing program quality over quantity; editor-in-chief free from the intervention of the ruling political forces and destructive market economy; sources of funding from the public, not bound by the political agenda and economic of certain parties, aka independent. Also, public TV managers must work professionally and creatively; prioritizing accurate accountability; and lastly, having a tradition of strong or inclusive strategic collaboration.

Objetivo(s) de la Convención 2005 de la UNESCO
Dominios culturales
Cine / Artes audiovisuales
Medios de comunicación
Industria editorial
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