Policies and Measures to Evaluate National Development Plans and Strategies

Dónde
Indonesia
When
2020
Quién
Ministry of Education and Culture
Ministry of National Development Planning/National Development Planning Agency
Describe the main features of the policy/measure: 

Several policies and measures to evaluate national development plans and strategies have been developed by the government during the 2016-2020 period. Some of the key policies and relevant measures to be reported are:
1. Minister of National Development Planning/Head of National Development Planning Agency Regulation 7 of 2018 on Coordination, Planning, Monitoring, Evaluation, and Reporting on the Implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals;
2. Presidential Regulation 65 of 2018 on Procedures for Formulation of Regional Cultural Principles and Cultural Strategies; and
3. Cultural Development Index.

In accordance with the Presidential Regulation 59 of 2017 on Implementing the Achievement of Sustainable Development Goals (see Goal 3, Medium- and Long-term Sustainable Cultural Development Policies and Plans), the Minister of National Development Planning/Head of the Development Planning Agency is mandated as the Implementing Coordinator of the National Coordinating Team (NCT) in Indonesia. As a follow up to this Presidential Regulation, in 2018 the Minister of National Development Planning/Head of the Development Planning Agency stipulated the Minister of National Development Planning/Head of the Development Planning Agency Regulation 7 of 2018 on Coordination, Planning, Monitoring, Evaluation, and Reporting on the Implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals.

At the national level, the 2015-2019 RPJMN (see Goal 3, Medium and Long-term Sustainable Cultural Development Policies and Plans) is a five-year planning document which constitutes the basis for all ministries and government institutions in formulating their respective Strategic Plan and for local government in preparing their Regional Medium Term Development Plans (RPJMD). The 2015-2019 RPJMN is the third phase of implementation of the 2005-2025 RPJPN (see Goal 3, Medium and Long-term Sustainable Cultural Development Policies and Plans). Mainstreaming the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals into the 2015-2019 RPJMN and the RKP of 2016 and 2019 is carried out in the form of policies, programmes, activities, measurable indicators, and sources of financing.

In line with Goal 11 of the SDGs to make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable, one of the sub-agendas of the 2015-2019 RPJMN is focusing on Sustainable Urban Housing and Settlement Areas through:
1. The realization of the National Urban System (SPN);
2. Accelerating the fulfillment of Urban Service Standards (SPP);
3. Creating green cities with climate and disaster resilience;
4. Developing smart cities that are competitive and based on technology and local culture; and
5. Increasing the governance capacity of urban development.

Based on Presidential Regulation 65 of 2018 on Procedures for Formulation of Regional Cultural Principles and Cultural Strategies (see Goal 1, Measures that Support CSO Participation in Policy Design), the regional cultural principles are documents containing existing cultural resources in the regions, the problems faced by the regions in their efforts to promote culture, and the proposed solutions to address the problems. The Regional Cultural Principles were streamlined into the Provincial Cultural Principles which later served as the foundation of the National Strategy for Culture (see Goal 1, Main Policies and Measures that Contain Strategies and Frameworks for the Development of an Integrated Cultural and Creative Economy Sector). The Master Plan for Cultural Advancement (RIPK) (see Goal 1, Main Policies and Measures that Contain Strategies and Frameworks for the Development of an Integrated Cultural and Creative Economy Sector) is a series of cultural planning documents prepared in stages based on the results of monitoring and evaluation of the implementation of cultural related national development plans and strategies.

Another measure developed by the government to evaluate the implementation of cultural related national development plans and strategies is the Cultural Development Index (IPK) (see Goal 1, Information Systems and Cultural Statistics Used in Policy Development).

In general, the policies and measures to evaluate national development plans and strategies contribute to the realization of the following National Strategy for Culture (see Goal 1, Main Policies and Measures that Contain Strategies and Frameworks for the Development of an Integrated Cultural and Creative Economy Sector):
1. Provide space for the diversity of cultural expressions and encourage cultural interaction to strengthen the inclusiveness of culture (Agenda 1);
2. Protect and develop values, expressions, and practices of traditional culture to enrich national culture (Agenda 2);
3. Develop and utilize cultural resources to strengthen the position of Indonesia internationally (Agenda 3);
4. Utilize advancement of culture objects to improve people welfare (Agenda 4);
5. Advancement of culture that protects the biodiversity and strengthens the ecosystems (Agenda 5);
6. Institutional reform and cultural budgeting to support the advancement of culture agenda (Agenda 6); and
7. Strengthen the role of government as facilitator in the advancement of culture (Agenda 7).

What are the results achieved so far through the implementation of the policy/measure?: 

Results achieved in the period of 2015-2019 include:
1. The creative industries exports reached USD 19.9 billion accounting 13.8% of Indonesia's total exports; and
2. The number of workers absorbed in the creative economy sectors increased from 15.5 million people in 2014 to 17.4 million people in 2017.

From the 2018 Cultural Development Index data, the dimension of socio-cultural resilience has the highest value, while the cultural economy dimension has the lowest value compared to other dimensions. This shows that the ability of Indonesian culture to maintain and develop cultural identity, knowledge, and practices in social life is adequate.

Partner(s) engaged in the implementation of the measure: 
Has the implementation of the policy/measure been evaluated?: 
NO
Objetivo(s) de la Convención 2005 de la UNESCO
Cultural Domain(s)
Multi-dominio