Policies and Measures that Demand for Media Accountability

Dónde
Indonesia
When
2020
Quién
Indonesian Broadcasting Commission
Film Censorship Board
Describe the main features of the policy/measure: 

Policies and measures developed by the Government of Indonesia demand for media accountability. Some of the main ones to report include:
1. Indonesian Broadcasting Commission (KPI);
2. KPI Regulation 1/P/KPI/03/2012 on Code of Ethics in Broadcasting;
3. Television Broadcast Quality Index Survey 2015-2018/2019 Broadcasting Quality Index Research;
4. Film Censorship Board;
5. Minister of Education and Culture Regulation 14 of 2019 on Guidelines and Criteria for Censorship, Age Classification of Viewers, and Withdrawal of Films and Film Advertisements from Circulation.

The Indonesian Broadcasting Commission (KPI) is an independent state institution at the central and regional levels established as a form of public participation representing the aspirations and interests of the public in broadcasting. In carrying out its functions, KPI has the following authorities:
1. the setting of broadcast program standards;
2. formulating regulations and establishing guidelines for broadcasting behavior;
3. supervising the implementation of regulations and guidelines for broadcasting behavior and broadcast program standards;
4. imposing sanctions on violations of regulations and guidelines for broadcasting behavior and broadcast program standards; and
5. coordinating and cooperating with the government, broadcasters, and public.

KPI has the following duties and obligations:
1. guaranteeing that the public receive proper and correct information following human rights;
2. assisting in regulating broadcasting infrastructure;
3. participating in building a healthy competition climate among broadcasting institutions and related industries;
4. maintaining a fair, equitable, and balanced national information structure;
5. accommodating, examining, and following up on complaints, objections, as well as public criticism and appreciation of broadcasting; and
6. formulating human resource development plans that guarantee professionalism in the broadcasting field.

One of the results of KPI's work is the formulation of the evaluation tool for the television broadcast program quality in the form of a 2015-2018 Television Broadcast Quality Index Survey to measure compliance with KPI Regulation 1/P/KPI/03/2012 on Code of Ethics in Broadcasting. In 2019, the term Quality Index Survey changed to Quality Index Research. Quality Index Research in 2019 involved 12 state universities, the wider community, and eight panels of experts with backgrounds in academia, culture, psychology, and others. Analysing broadcast content on 15 national TV networks with the target of improving the quality of content to become a better tradition by getting input from the public.

Law 33 of 2009 on Film and Government Regulation 18 of 2014 on Film Censorship Board, regulate the Film Censorship Board (Lembaga Sensor Film/LSF) of Indonesia. Every film to be distributed or exhibited must pass censorship by the LSF like nudity, extreme violence, abusive language, and others that may impact the culture of society. Any art form must have creative freedom but must also be socially responsible. Government Regulation 7 of 1994 governs LSF duties and functions.

Minister of Education and Culture Regulation 14 of 2019 on Guidance and Criteria for Censorship, Audience Age Classification and Withdrawal of Movies and Movie Advertisements from Circulation contains provisions concerning: licensing for the circulation of movies and movie advertisements; censorship criteria; movie ratings; and procedures for withdrawing movies and movie advertisements from circulation.

In general, policies and measures that demand media accountability are intended to contribute to the following achievements of the National Strategy for Culture (see Goal 1, Main Policies and Measures that Contain Strategies and Frameworks for the Development of an Integrated Cultural and Creative Economy Sector):
1. Provide space for the diversity of cultural expressions and encourage cultural interaction to strengthen the inclusiveness of culture (Agenda 1);
2. Protect and develop values, expressions, and practices of traditional culture to enrich national culture (Agenda 2); and
3. Strengthen the role of the government as facilitator in the advancement of culture (Agenda 7).

What are the results achieved so far through the implementation of the policy/measure?: 

The Broadcasting Quality Index Research 2019 evaluates eight types of broadcast programs, namely tourism and culture, religion, talk show, news, children, variety show, soap operas, and infotainment. The evaluation concludes that four types of programs, namely children, variety show, soap operas, and infotainment, do not meet the standards.

Financial resources allocated to the policy/measure in USD: 

The State Budget Revenue and Expenditure (APBN) finances the Central KPI.
Each province's Regional Budget Revenue and Expenditure (APBD) finances the Regional KPIs.

Partner(s) engaged in the implementation of the measure: 
Name of partnerType of entity
The twelve state universities include the University of North Sumatra (Medan), Andalas University (Padang), Veterans National Development University (Jakarta), Padjadjaran University (Bandung), and Diponegoro University (Semarang).
Public Sector
Has the implementation of the policy/measure been evaluated?: 
NO
Objetivo(s) de la Convención 2005 de la UNESCO
Dominios culturales
Cine / Artes audiovisuales
Medios de comunicación
Música
Industria editorial