Media authorities

Dónde
Finlandia
When
2020
Quién
Ministry of Transport and Communications
Ministry of Education and Culture
Describe the main features of the policy/measure: 

In the Finnish system, the provision of audiovisual services is under some specific regulation (eg. provision of services and licenses in linear TV + radio, marketing, European quotas, protection of minors) , mostly stemming for EU-directives and regulations, like the AVMS-directive. These are supervised primarily by two agencies, Finnish Transport and Communications Agency and National audiovisual institute. There are no state media authorities supervising the press or other media outlets. Naturally all media has to comply with general regulations, like the Criminal code.
Under subsection 3 of section 2 of Finland's Constitution, the exercise of public authority must be based on law. So it is the authority's duty to apply the legislation that determines its tasks and powers. A higher-ranking authority may not intervene in the activities of its subordinate administrative body in a legally binding manner while it uses its decision-making power. The Ministry may, however, issue general regulations and instructions to its subordinate agency on carrying out its administrative duties, but it may not order how an agency should resolve an individual administrative matter. The Ministry may not retain the discretionary power in an individual matter within the jurisdiction of the agency, unless such power has specifically been determined for it in law.
The principles of good administration in the Administrative Procedure Act require an authority to treat equally those to whom it is providing services in administrative matters and to exercise its competence only for purposes that are acceptable under the law. The acts of an authority shall be impartial and proportionate to the objectives sought. Provisions on the openness of government activities are laid down in the Act on the Openness of Government Activities (621/1999). Under section 20 of the Act, the authorities shall promote the openness of their activities and, where necessary, produce statistics and other publications concerning their sector. In accordance with the principle of public access to official documents, documents submitted to the authorities are public.
Transport and Communications Agency supervises the Information society code (917/2014). If anyone violates this Act or provisions, regulations, decisions or licence terms issued under the code, the agency may issue a complaint and order them to rectify the error or neglect within a specified reasonable time period. Enforcement powers include Conditional fines and penalty payments and in some extreme cases threat of termination and threat of completion or suspension of television broadcasting. (Sections 332,334, 339 SS)
https://www.finlex.fi/fi/laki/ajantasa/2018/20180935#L1P2
Provisions on the activities of the National Audiovisual Institute are laid down in the Act on the National Audiovisual Institute (1434/2007). The Media Education and Audiovisual Programmes Unit of the Institute monitors compliance with the Act on Audiovisual Programmes and its tasks include the classification of audiovisual programmes. A review of an audiovisual programme classification decision by the Media Education and Audiovisual Programmes Unit may be requested by way of appeal with the Media Education and Audiovisual Programme Board.
The enforcement powers of the institute include eg. issuing complaints, conditional fines
https://www.finlex.fi/fi/laki/ajantasa/2007/20071434

Partner(s) engaged in the implementation of the measure: 
Objetivo(s) de la Convención 2005 de la UNESCO
Dominios culturales
Cine / Artes audiovisuales