The measure endorses the states' political will to give priority to the development of training processes and, in particular, to the field of artistic education, which is expressed in one of the programmatic documents governing the economic and social development of the country, specifically Guideline 138, which refers to "Continue raising the quality and rigor of professional artistic education, based on improving the conditions of educational institutions and increasing the training of teachers" of the Guidelines of the Economic and Social Policy of the Party and the Revolution for the period 2016-2021.
In this sense, it focuses on updating, implementing and evaluating the curricula of art education at its primary, middle and higher levels, with respect to the priorities defined, and monitoring the training processes of teachers and art instructors. It seeks to increase the presence of the artistic avant-garde in the staff of art centers and schools throughout the country. It evaluates and executes investment plans in cultural educational infrastructures and their relationship with the training process. It establishes and strengthens a link with universities that have study curricula related to culture with the aim of achieving a greater degree of specialization in this area. It prioritizes the creation of capacities and the development of cultural workers and decision makers for the efficient fulfillment of their functions in the institutional system, with particular focus on young people.
A new Program for the Development of Artistic Education is being implemented, which has among its objectives the training of all-around artists with a solid political, scientific, humanistic and ethical preparation that combine artistic excellence with social commitment.
With this new program, the professional education of the arts in Cuba continues for six decades, from the elementary to the higher level, with free access for children and young people without distinction of race, gender or religious beliefs.
At the elementary and middle levels, the curriculum combines general education with specialized education in the manifestations of ballet, music, dance, theater, plastic and visual arts, and circus. The programs are continuously improved from the development of own methods endorsed internationally. The education system is made up of 37 elementary and high schools distributed throughout the country, 6 of which are located in the capital. 67.6% of the schools are located in the remaining provinces, with representation throughout the country.
This system of artistic training is nourished by our socio-cultural roots, which is endorsed in the different programs, among which the teaching of the tres, the lute and the Cuban popular dances stand out.
The quality and rigor of teaching has been raised with the incorporation of active artists, members of UNEAC and AHS.
The results of the main artistic pedagogical processes have been superior in the last four years, such as leveling, cycle efficiency, retention and promotion.
Graduates from the high school level are part of the most emblematic artistic companies of our country, as a result of the high professional level achieved.
Another aspect to signify is the results of the participation of students of this educational level in international competitions, with greater emphasis, in particular, on the ballet manifestation.
During the period, a total of 2,643 students in various arts specialties graduated from the art education centers. The historical figure exceeds 36,000 graduates since the opening of these institutions in the early 1960s.
In Cuba, art university studies are carried out at the Universidad de las Artes de La Habana and in its three branches located in the provinces of Santiago de Cuba, Holguin and Camaguey. In this university institution, professionals are trained in the following degree courses: Visual Arts, Theater Art, Dance Art, Art of the Audiovisual Media, Art of Cultural Heritage Conservation, and Music.
The university degree courses in the arts are in a permanent process of improvement. In 2019, they went through the discussion, foundation and public defense of a new curriculum, which is characterized by greater synergy between training and the demand for skilled labor force in the arts and culture sector, in line with the social and cultural development of the country. From the first academic years, students are prepared for the management of their work in all the degree courses; they carry out diagnostic studies prior to the creation, edition and production of their work for different contexts and formats, the foundation and marketing in the current legal framework.
In the main integrating discipline of each degree course, students apply the methodology of scientific research to the processes of creation and artistic experimentation. There is openness and assimilation of international trends, integrated with the study of Cuban artistic traditions.
In general, all the degree courses in 3rd and 4th years included the subject of Cultural Management. In the case of the Visual Arts, the degree course requires that the creative processes and alternative workshops be carried out using new technologies, including the creation of the New Media Laboratory to promote the learning and application of new technologies in this manifestation. For example, the profile of Scenographic Design, within the Bachelor's Degree in Theater Arts, which uses 3D technology.
In the case of the Bachelor's Degree in Music, progress has been made in the use of digital technology for the composition and performance of electroacoustic music works, for which work has continued in the development of the Electroacoustic Music Laboratory.
In relation to digital literacy programs for creation and experimentation, art education, at all levels, promotes the acquisition of a series of basic skills in the handling of equipment and programs that aim to develop localization skills, research and analysis of information, using the different supports of information technology and communications; design proposals through digital media, and encourage the attitude of critical recipients and responsible senders. In this sense, access to most of the specialized computer programs for teaching and artistic creation is difficult, due to the measures imposed on Cuba by the economic, financial and commercial blockade of the United States.
In spite of this, Cuba works in the search of alternatives for the development of its human resources through different ways, by means of the coordination with institutions and international bodies. An example of this is UNESCO Transcultural Project, which promotes the management and development of restoration and conservation trades, their link to cultural and creative industries, through integrating models of learning culture and cultural expressions, with a subregional approach to the Caribbean, and in the particular case of the University of the Arts, it represents an opportunity to facilitate access to technology and the necessary equipment in order to encourage virtual and distance teaching systems.
It stimulates and promotes the knowledge, use and participation of students in social media, as a tool for communication, study and academic exchange.
In the last four years, about 1,250 students have graduated from the higher education level. Graduates from all levels of education are ensured employment upon completion of their
|Name of partner||Type of entity|
The National Center of Art Schools
The University of the Arts (ISA)
The Ministry of Education
The Ministry of Higher Education
Impossibility to access most internationally recognized specialized computer programs for teaching and artistic creation, due to the measures imposed on Cuba by the US economic, financial and commercial blockade.
Consolidate relations with other universities of the arts in the world through the Network of Universities of the Arts (RUA), with the objective of systematizing the updating of teaching processes and programs, the training of staff and the development of skills in students.
Continue to improve the processes of recruitment and income at different levels of education.
Continue incorporating active artists who are references for the training of students.