Culture Satellite Account
In 2010 the possibility of setting up a Culture Satellite Account was studied. Its aim was the analysis and evaluation of the economic impact of cultural activities. For this purpose a system capable of providing continuous, reliable information was created, so as to facilitate comparisons with other systems of the same kind. (http://www.mec.gub.uy/innovaportal/v/1613/8/mecweb/cuenta_satelite_en_cultura?3colid=690)
Challenges identified in the implementation of this measure:
The scarcity and dispersion of statistical data has become as evident as the lack of a statistical culture among the protagonists involved and even a lack of knowledge regarding the value chain in some areas. A lack of academic literature on the subject was also identified. There is a need to position culture as an economic development factor, when dealing with the competent state institutions.
This policy operates within the framework of the "Viví Cultura" ("Experience Culture") (www.vivicultura.org.uy) project, which is part of the international cooperation of the Uruguayan goverment with the United Nations network, with the financial support of the Millenium Development Goals Achievement Fund. Its implementation followed the signing of an agreement between the Ministry of Education and Culture and the University of the Republic, whose Faculty of Economics and Administration was asked to prepare a methodological handbook for its implementation. Its background and information sources were reviewed and a seminar was carried out to prepare a draft project for the design and implementation of the Culture Satellite Account. As a result the account was subdivided into the following sectors: books and publications, music, plastic and visual arts, performing arts.
These sector definitions provided the basis for the following accounts and tables:
- Production accounts per sector and activity: include the calculation of the following variables: Gross Production Value (GPV), a variable representing the production value of the subsectors in monetary terms; intermediate consumption, i.e. spending on goods and services required for production; and the difference to Gross Added Value.
- Sector specific generation of income: includes estimates of the following variables: wages, taxes and production subsidies, Gross Mixed Income and Gross Exploitation Surplus.
- Sector specific employment table: includes the quantification by categories of the number of persons employed by each subsector.
- Exports and imports per sector: this table contains the exports and imports of goods and services of selected subsectors.