Describe the main features of the policy/measure:
The Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism continues to make efforts to strengthen cultural capabilities based on its own culture and traditions through projects such as ‘Enhancing Cultural Resource Capabilities in Developing Countries’, ‘Culture and Arts ODA’, ‘Cultivating Human Resources in Overseas Arts’ and ‘Creating Overseas Small Libraries’. Among them, the Cultural ODA is a program for training and capacity building centered on the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism to strengthen cultural capabilities of developing countries through sharing experiences in Korea's cultural development. The Cultural ODA project aims ① to contribute to the implementation of cultural development and sustainable development goals in the recipient country by transferring Korea's cultural development experience, ② to diversify exchanges and strengthen two ways international cooperation using culture. A representative project of the Cultural ODA is ‘Cultural Partnership Invitation’ project, a project to strengthen cultural resources in developing countries since 2005. Initially, it invited promising professionals in the fields of culture, arts, cultural industry, and media from developing countries to receive practical training, co-creation, and cultural experience at cultural specialized institutions for 3 to 5 months. From 2020, cultural administrator training was also conducted to strengthen the capacity of government officials in developing countries to promote their own cultural industries. In addition, the Cultural and Art Education (ODA) project was carried forward in 2013. The Korea Culture and Arts Education Service, a public institution under the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism, provided cultural arts education planning and methodological lectures for local teachers and preliminary teachers in the partner countries. For local children and youth, art education was provided in various fields such as theatre, literature, and crafts. The Cultural Partnership project contributed to establishing sustainable partnership with the ODA recipient countries and enhancing national image based on two-way cultural exchanges instead of unilateral spread of Hallyu by conducting professional training and following-up projects to meet local needs. In addition, the Cultural and Art Education (ODA) project has been promoted in cooperation with Vietnam since 2013 and Indonesia since 2018, contributing to expanding the base of cultural and art education in the recipient countries.
Website of the policy/measure, if available:
What are the results achieved so far through the implementation of the policy/measure?:
South Korea's Cultural ODA budget continued to expand from 2012, providing more cultural ODA compared to Japan in 2014 and 2015, and providing the third-largest cultural ODA after Japan and France in 2018. The ratio of the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism's budget to the total ODA budget in Korea has continued to increase to 0.45% (11.97 Billion Won) in 2018, 0.49% (13.52 Billion Won) in 2019, and 0.46% (14.36 Billion Won) in 2020. However, due to the domestic situation including financial deterioration after COVID-19, the budget for 2021 slightly decreased to 0.23% (7.87 Billion Won). When looked at the ratio of the budget for cultural ODA into the fields of culture, sports, and tourism, it can be seen that the sports sector had the highest budget ratio for 2018-2020. However, the cultural sector had the highest ratio at 52.5% in 2021.
Financial resources allocated to the policy/measure in USD:
Cultural ODA(The Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism / 5.99 Million Dollars /As of 2021
Partner(s) engaged in the implementation of the measure:
Has the implementation of the policy/measure been evaluated?:
If yes, what are the main conclusions/recommendations?:
The Cultural Partnership Project, a representative project of the Cultural ODA project, is positively evaluated for its contribution for continuously enhancing the cultural competence of artists and cultural professionals in developing countries at the government level, breaking away from the existing short-term international cultural exchange. However, a follow-up investigation is needed to determine the extent to which the academic performance of the participants in capacity building ultimately contributes to the commercialization of the local cultural and the creative sector.