The Cultural City Development Project

República de Corea
Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism, Regional Culture & Development Agency, Local Government
Describe the main features of the policy/measure: 
The Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism has designated a statutory cultural city based on Article 15 of the 「Regional Culture Promotion Act」 in order to enhance cultural creativity by effectively utilizing cultural resources unique to each region since 2019. In 2014, the legal basis was prepared, and in 2018, a roadmap for promoting a cultural city was established. It was announced that 30 regions would be designated nationwide as cultural cities from 2019 to 2022. The policy vision of the cultural city is to ‘sustainable regional development through culture and the spread of the cultural life of local citizens’, and the main goals are revitalization of local communities, balanced regional development, sustainable growth through culture, and enhancement of social innovation. Based on the 「Regional Culture Promotion Act」, local governments applying for statutory cultural city can select themes by historical traditions, arts, cultural industries, social culture, and local autonomy. The theme is officially designated through a total of five steps. First, if it applies for a designation as a cultural city (step 1), the region undergoes review and approval by the Minister of Culture, Sports and Tourism (step 2), and promotes a preliminary project as a cultural city for one year (step 3). The Cultural City Deliberation Committee reviews the preliminary project operation (step 4), and the final statutory cultural city is designated (step 5). For the regions designated as cultural cities, up to 10 Billion Won of government expenditure and up to 10 Billion Won in local expenses are provided for five years. An important factor in promoting the cultural city project is a local citizen-centered governance. Accordingly, the central government supports local governments to establish a ‘comprehensive plan for regional cultural development' from a cultural point of view, aiming to form regional and citizen-centered governance rather than top-down support centered on the central government. To this end, the central government establishes a cooperative system between the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism, the Cultural City Review Committee, a public-private consultative body, and the Cultural City Support Center, a private organization. The local government will establish a cultural city promotion committee, a public-private partnership, a cultural city promotion organization system, and a citizen organization.
What are the results achieved so far through the implementation of the policy/measure?: 
In 2019, seven regions were designated as the first culture city. Consequently, five regions were designated as the second cultural city in January 2021 and six regions as the third cultural city in December 2021. 18 regions became statutory cultural cities. In order to designate the fourth cultural city in 2022, 16 regions are conducting preliminary cultural city projects for a year. Among the regions designated as cultural cities, Cheongju City of Chungbuk province and Pohang City of Gyeongbuk province in 2020, Seogwipo City of Jeju, Wonju City of Gangwon province, and Wanju County of Jeonbuk province in 2021 were rated as excellent cities in performance achievement. Representative examples and results are as follows. 1. Seogwipo City and Cheongju City contributed to the creation of urban brands such as 'noji culture' and 'record culture' respectively by utilizing the unique cultural resources of the region. For reference, noji culture is a word newly created for this cultural city project to show the village's culture as is. 2. Out of 12 Cultural Cities (1st,2nd), a total of 685 cultural spaces have been created since 2020, serving as a base for the cultural enjoyment of local citizens. 3. The cumulative number of participations in the Cultural City is 1,078,060, which has a great influence on the actual local citizens. The satisfaction level of participants for each city's representative projects is high, an average of 86.7%. 4. In the case of Wonju City and Wanju City, governance through culture was implemented by preparing various discussions centered on local citizens. 5. Pohang City collaborated with the Urban Regeneration New Deal Project by the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport to convert an idle space into a complex cultural space. Gangneung City promoted cultural exchange programs between regions in cooperation with Yeongdeungpo-gu. Those association projects have become the engine of the cultural city project.
Financial resources allocated to the policy/measure in USD: 
18,400 Million Won, 14.005 Million Dollars /As of 2021
Partner(s) engaged in the implementation of the measure: 
Name of partnerType of entity
Private Organizations
Private Sector
18 Local Governments(Cultural City Center)
Public Sector
Has the implementation of the policy/measure been evaluated?: 
If yes, what are the main conclusions/recommendations?: 
About 40% of the national local governments (96 local governments) participated in the statutory cultural city contest. Further, 82 regions enacted cultural city ordinances and expanded the local governments’ cultural policy investment plans to implement cultural city projects. The major achievements of the cultural city development project are summarized in the establishment of an urban culture brand, expansion of cultural bases, enhancement of citizen satisfaction, establishment of cultural governance, creation of cultural jobs, and expansion of cultural values and cultural approaches.
Objetivo(s) de la Convención 2005 de la UNESCO
Cultural Domain(s)