There are at least three ministries that have competence and budget for cultural affairs in Indonesia. They are Ministry of Education and Culture (Kemendikbud), Ministry of Tourism and Creative Economy/Tourism and Creative Economy Agency (Kemenparekraf/Baparekraf), and Ministry of National Development Planning/National Development Planning Agency (KemenPPN/Bappenas). These ministries/agencies are assigned based on the following legal and regulatory frameworks:
1. Presidential Regulation 82 of 2019 on the Ministry of Education and Culture;
2. Presidential Regulation 96 of 2019 on the Ministry of Tourism and Creative Economy;
3. Presidential Regulation 97 of 2019 on the Agency for Tourism and Creative Economy;
4. Presidential Regulation 65 of 2015 on the Ministry of National Development Planning; and
5. Presidential Regulation 66 of 2015 on the National Development Planning Agency.
The Ministry of Education and Culture is a government ministry which organizes government affairs in the field of culture. The Ministry of Education and Culture's work unit in charge of cultural affairs is the Directorate General of Culture. The reorganization process in early 2020 created the new structure of the Directorate General of Culture which now consists of 5 directorates, including:
1. Directorate of Belief in One Almighty God and Indigenous Communities;
2. Directorate of Film, Music, and New Media;
3. Directorate of Cultural Protection;
4. Directorate of Culture Development and Utilization; and
5. Directorate of Cultural Manpower and Institution Development.
Meanwhile, the Ministry of Tourism and Creative Economy/Tourism and Creative Economy Agency (Kemenparekraf/Baparekraf) is a government ministry which organizes government affairs in the field of tourism and creative economy. Kemenparekraf/Baparekraf is the result of a merger between the (former) Creative Economy Agency and the (former) Ministry of Tourism in 2019. After the reorganization process in early 2020, the work unit of Kemenparekraf/Baparekraf in charge of creative economic affairs is the Deputy for Digital Economy and Creative Products.
Lastly, the Ministry of National Development Planning/National Development Planning Agency (KemenPPN/Bappenas) is a ministry with authority to undertake government affairs in the field of national development planning. The work unit of KemenPPN/Bappenas in charge of cultural affairs is the Deputy for Human, Community, and Cultural Development. In contrast to the Ministry of Education and Culture and Kemenparekraf/Baparekraf which have programs that come in direct contact with cultural and creative economic actors, the KemenPPN/Bappenas program is technocratic in scope only in planning the government's strategic programs.
In general, the establishment of competent government agencies that have cultural affairs budget is intended to contribute to the following achievements of the National Strategy for Culture (see Goal 1, Main Policies and Measures that Contain Strategies and Frameworks for the Development of an Integrated Cultural and Creative Economy Sector):
1. Provide space for the diversity of cultural expressions and encourage cultural interaction to strengthen the inclusiveness of culture (Agenda 1);
2. Protect and develop values, expressions, and practices of traditional culture to enrich national culture (Agenda 2);
3. Develop and utilize cultural resources to strengthen the position of Indonesia internationally (Agenda 3);
4. Utilize advancement of culture objects to improve people welfare (Agenda 4);
5. Advancement of culture that protects biodiversity and strengthens ecosystems (Agenda 5);
6. Institutional reform and cultural affairs budget to support the advancement of culture agenda (Agenda 6); and
7. Strengthen the role of the government as facilitator in the advancement of culture (Agenda 7).
This QPR includes the following programs of the Directorate General of Culture:
1. Implementation of the Law on the Advancement of Culture;
2. Implementation of the Law on Film;
3. Formulation of the Regional Cultural White Papers;
4. Formulation of the National Strategy for Culture;
5. Formulation of the Master Plan for the Advancement of Culture;
6. Cultural Endowment Fund;
7. Integrated Cultural Database System; and
8. Integrated Cultural Data.
The majority of the Kemenparekraf/Baparekraf programs reported in this QPR are the Creative Economy Agency programs before the merger, which include:
1. Implementation of the Law on Creative Economy;
2. Presidential Regulation 142 of 2018 on the 2018-2025 National Master Plan for Creative Economy Development;
3. The Innovative and Creative Nusantara Collaborations (IKKON); and
4. AKATARA Indonesian Film Market and Business Forum.
This QPR includes the following Programs of the Deputy for Human, Community, and Culture Development:
1. Development of Cultural Development Indexes; and
2. Formulation of the Master Plan for the Advancement of Culture.