Assessment on the Impact of Covid-19 on Culture in Indonesia

Dónde
Indonesia
When
2020
Quién
Ministry of Education and Culture
Describe the main features of the policy/measure: 

In response to the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (Covid-19) outbreak in Indonesia in early March 2020, the Directorate-General for Culture (DG for Culture) of the Ministry of Education and Culture (Kemendikbud) has taken and supervised the following main policies and measures in Indonesia:
1. Restrict access to cultural institutions and sites.
2. Restrict risk factors associated with Community Health Emergency in public spaces.
3. Prepare guidelines for Covid-19 Protocol at cultural institutions and sites.
4. Encourage and promote visits to museums and cultural sites digitally.
5. Reprogram the culture budget (adhering to Presidential Instruction 4 of 2020 on Refocusing Programs, Budget Reallocation, and Procurement of Goods and Services to accelerate the handling of Covid-19).
6. Initiate efforts to assess and address the social and economic impact of Covid-19 in collaboration with CSOs, cultural professionals, academicians.
7. Launch digital campaigns with hashtags #asikdirumah (have fun at home), #bahagiadirumah (happy at home), #creativedisaatsulit (creative under challenging times), and #dirumahaja (stay at home) involving young people.

In general, assessment on the impact of Covid-19 on culture in Indonesia are aimed at contributing to the realization of the following National Strategy for Culture (see Goal 1, Main Policies and Measures that Contain Strategies and Frameworks for the Development of the Integrated Cultural and Creative Economy Sector):
1. Provide space for the diversity of cultural expressions and encourage cultural interaction to strengthen the inclusiveness of culture (Agenda 1);
2. Protect and develop values, expressions, and practices of traditional culture to enrich national culture (Agenda 2);
3. Develop and utilize cultural resources to strengthen the position of Indonesia internationally (Agenda 3);
4. Utilize advancement of objects to improve people welfare (Agenda 4);
5. Institutional reform and cultural budgeting to support the advancement of culture agenda (Agenda 6);
6. Strengthen the role of government as facilitator in the advancement of culture (Agenda 7).

What are the results achieved so far through the implementation of the policy/measure?: 

1. Restrict access to cultural institutions and sites:
a. Museums and sites have been closed from March 16, 2020, until further notice.
2. Restrict risk factors associated with Community Health Emergency in public spaces:
a. Coordination with 107 museums across the country (out of a total of 439 museums as of 2019) to prevent further spread of the novel coronavirus in cooperation with the International Council of Museums (ICOM) Indonesia whose president is the DG for Culture of Kemendikbud.
b. Interventions through temporary halting of all museums' operational activities, sterilizing the museums and educating the public on the Covid-19 pandemic through the info dissemination activity under Indonesia's hashtag #BersamaHadapiCorona (together we fight the coronavirus).
3. Prepare guidelines for Covid-19 Protocol at cultural institutions and sites:
a. Visitors can only visit in a small group of 5-10 persons at a time; measurement of each visitor's body temperature before entering; request the visitors to wash their hands or use hand sanitizer regularly.
b. Venues are regularly sprayed with disinfectant and cleaned with alcohol.
4. Encourage and promote visits to museums and cultural sites digitally:
a. Google Arts and Culture Platform have provided digital access to several museums and sites in Indonesia since October 27, 2016. Google Arts and Culture's advanced technology named Art Camera and Google Cardboard allows users to enjoy tours of museums and sites, such as tours of Sangiran Museum and Early-Man Site, National Museum, Borobudur and Prambanan Temples, and others.
5. Reprogram the culture budget:
a. Reallocation of approximately IDR132 billion of the culture budget to contribute to the total of IDR 405 billion of the Kemendikbud Budget for the 2020 Fiscal Year to support the Covid-19 National Budget.
b. In addition to the first two fiscal packages amounting to IDR33.2 trillion, the national government announced an additional package of IDR405 trillion on March 31, 2020, which IDR150 trillion is to fund a national economic resilience and recovery programs. The packages include interest subsidies, credit guarantees, and loan restructuring funds for micro, small, and medium enterprises (MSMEs). Other programs include Kredit Usaha Rakyat/Micro Credit Program to support adversely affected businesses; expanded unemployment benefits, including for workers in the informal sector; and tax reliefs, including for the tourism sector and individuals.
6. Initiate efforts to assess and address the social and economic impact of Covid-19 in collaboration with CSOs, cultural professionals, academicians:
a. CSO Koalisi Seni Indonesia has developed a list of postponed artistic activities due to the Covid-19 outbreak. As of March 25, 2020, there is a total of postponed 70 artistic activities comprising ten activities in filming, producing, launching, and playing of films; 40 musical performances; eight fine-arts exhibitions; three dance performances; and nine theater performances.
7. Launch digital campaigns with hashtags #asikdirumah (have fun at home), #bahagiadirumah (happy at home), #creativedisaatsulit (creative under challenging times), and #dirumahaja (stay at home) involving young people:
a. The Directorate-General for Culture's YouTube channel "BudayaSaya" is a platform used by artists and artisans, live-streamed or taped from their homes, to entertain the public through performances; share of knowledge through online masterclasses/tutorials on various art fields such as dancing, painting, playing musical instruments, storytelling, and film productions. The DG for Culture shares dates and times of the performances and knowledge-sharing sessions through Instagram, Twitter, Facebook, and other social media platforms of "BudayaSaya" in cooperation with art institutions.
b. Kemendikbud broadcasts its Educational TV (TV EDUKASI) to provide knowledge-sharing learning sessions through YouTube.
c. The Directorate-General for Culture is also studying the possibility to provide a pre-financing scheme to cover the production costs for artists and cultural professionals affected by Covid-19.
d. Several cultural stakeholders initiate some activities such as cloth face mask making by the Aceh Tsunami Museum, research and conservation of their museum collection by the Yogyakarta Ullen Sentalu Museum, and book writing and creating promotional, educational content through social media by the Bank of Indonesia Museum.

Financial resources allocated to the policy/measure in USD: 

(approx.) 9.2 million

Partner(s) engaged in the implementation of the measure: 
Name of partnerType of entity
International Council of Museums Indonesia
Public Sector
107 museums across Indonesia
Public Sector
Koalisi Seni Indonesia
Civil Society Organization (CSO)
Has the implementation of the policy/measure been evaluated?: 
NO
Objetivo(s) de la Convención 2005 de la UNESCO
Cultural Domain(s)
Multi-dominio
Prioridades transversales
COVID-19