Action Plan on Human Rights

Describe the main features of the policy/measure: 

The Human Rights Action Plan, which will be the main policy document of Turkey, which is preparing to enter the 100th anniversary of the Republic, will deal with legislative and administrative activities based on legal predictability, transparency, and accountability. With a strong emphasis on property rights, vested rights, the individual responsibility of crime and punishment, and the presumption of innocence, various changes are aimed in these areas. 5 workshops and 53 meetings were held with the participation of 1571 people, including representatives of non-Muslim communities, for the Human Rights Action Plan, which was prepared by taking the opinions of all segments from national and international civil society organizations, trade unions, bar associations, deans of law faculties, judges, prosecutors and lawyers, and academics.

In addition, in the preparation process, analyzes the implementation results of the 2014-2019 Action Plan, the decisions of the ECHR, the Constitutional Court, and the Supreme Court, the reports and recommendations of the relevant committees of the Council of Europe and the United Nations, the European Union country reports and OSCE documents, as well as the Human Rights Action, Plans submitted by other countries to the United Nations were also made. Around 11 basic principles form the backbone of the Document; 9 goals, 50 objectives, and 393 activities have been determined. The activities envisaged within the objectives determined under the related goal titles are concretely organized as "measurable and traceable" actions. 11 basic principles in the plan:

1-Every human lives with the unalienable rights he/she inherently holds since birth. The main purpose and duty of the State are to protect and promote these rights.

2- Human dignity, as the essence of all rights, is under the active protection of the law.

3- Everyone is equal before the law without discrimination based on language, race, color, sex, political view, philosophical belief, religion, sect, or similar other reasons.

4- The equal, impartial and honest provision of public services to everyone is the main feature of all executive activities.

5- The legislation contains sufficiently clear, non-ambiguous, understandable, and foreseeable rules not to allow any doubt; in turn, the public authorities implement those rules without prejudice to the principle of legal security.

6-No interference incompatible with the principle of legal security or the principle of protection of acquired rights may be performed in any way on the freedom of contract.

7-The State protects and promotes the freedom of enterprise and labor within the framework of the rules of the competitive free market and the principle of the social state.

8- Judicial and administrative operations adopt at their core an approach that protects, upholds, and strengthens the principles of presumption of innocence, the right of individuals not to have their honor and reputation tarnished, and individuality of criminal liability.

9- No one may be deprived of liberty due to criticism or expression of thought.

10- The rule of law shall be fortified in every area as a safeguard for rights and freedoms as well as justice.

11- Anyone who claims to be the victim of a violation of their rights should be able to access effective legal remedies effortlessly. Access to justice is at the core of respect for rights and freedoms.

The 9 objectives of the Human Rights Action Plan are:

1- A stronger human rights protection system

2- Strengthening the independence of the judiciary and the right to a fair trial

3- Legal predictability and transparency

4- Protection and development of freedom of expression, organization, and religion

5- Strengthening personal freedom and security

6- Ensuring the material and spiritual integrity of the person and their private life

7- More effective protection of property rights

8- Protecting fragile groups and strengthening the social welfare

9- High level administrative and social awareness on human rights

Partner(s) engaged in the implementation of the measure: 
Objetivo(s) de la Convención 2005 de la UNESCO
Cultural Domain(s)