The Italian cultural policy, based on the Italian Constitution (1947) and its fundamental principles, explicitly refers to the human rights, human development, the safeguarding and valorisation of the cultural heritage also in the anthropological meaning and collective expressions. Infact, since the Italian ratification (2007), the Code of Cultural heritage has included the referrement to the UNESCO Convention for the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions into the art. 7 (bis) which is titled as " Collective expressions of cultural identity". Considering the actual social vulnerable contexts and the increasing of the consistent migration flows, the Convention represents a strategic vehicle of awareness raising, within both the civil society and institutions, on the principles of democracy, tolerance and solidarity. Some measures already mentioned within the previous National Periodic Report (2008-2012) are still in force; meanwhile others had been applied in order to face the new national challenges and priorities: social cohesion, inclusivity, sustainable development.
The reform of the Ministry of Culture Activities and Heritage and Tourism (DPCM 171/2014), adopted since the 2015, encourages a new view of cultural heritage management, increasing the number of general directions (11 at all) and in exercising its functions the institution is assisted by advisory bodies ( High Council for Heritage and Landscape, the "Consulta " for the Performing Arts, the Permanent Committee for Copyright, the Permanent Committee for the Promotion of Tourism).
The Italian Code for Education, adopted by the Ministry of Education, Research and University (MIUR), DL (297/1992 e s.m.i.) legislates the promotion of arts curricula at primary, secondary and high schools; also encourages creativity, knowledge and skills in professional training connected with the artistic industry. Moreover, the Ministry itself recognizes the academic curricula promoted by artistic institutions (AFAM): music conservatories, academies of fine and applied (design and communication) arts, dance and drama.
The TUSMAR ( testo unico dei servizi di media audiovisivi e radiofonici- Dl.177/2005 e s.m.i.) remarks in its fundamental principles (art. 3) the guarantee of freedom and expression in the broadcast media including the protection of intellectual property and the safeguarding of ethnic diversity and cultural heritage at local and national level. The Text Code also refers at the agreement, renewed every 5 years, between te Italian radio television service ( RAI) and the Ministry for the Economic Development (MISE); the latter manages the protection of industrial property patents ( Industrial Property Code, L. 273/2002 e s.m.i.).
The IV Action plan of the Ministry of Labor and Social policy aims at the protection of rights and development in childhood, (in referent at the art.4 ONU Convention of children rights) throughout the reducing children and family poverty, implementing the socio-educational services, supporting the integrated system even the hospitality ones.
The Italian cultural sector joints also at the "Creative Europe program" promoted by UE, which has been renovated for the period 2014-2020 with a budget of E. 1,46 million.