Quadrennial Periodic Report
China 2021

Quadrennial Periodic Report - - 01/29/2022 - 03:14

General Information

Technical Information

Name of Party: 
China
Date of Ratification: 
2006
Officially Designated Point of Contact of the Convention: 

QPR Stakeholder

Title: 
Ms.
Address: 
Ling Zhang
Ministry of Culture and Tourism
No. 10 Chaoyangmen North Street
Dongcheng
Beijing
100020
China
Phone Number: 
+861059882120
Email: 
intl@chinaculture.org
Describe the multi-stakeholder consultation process established for the preparation of this report, including consultations with relevant ministries, public institutions, local governments and civil society organizations.: 

In early 2020, the Ministry of Culture and Tourism (MOCT) of China circulated an official letter to the related ministries and commissions, including Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA), Ministry of Commerce (MOFCOM), National Radio and Television Administration (NRTA), China International Development Cooperation Agency (CIDCA), China National Intellectual Property Administration (CNIPA), National Press and Publication Administration (NPPA), China Film Administration (CFA), and China National Commission for UNESCO, proposing joint elaboration of this quadrennial periodic report (QPR) within the inter-ministerial coordination mechanism (ICM) for protecting and promoting the diversity of cultural expressions, in accordance with previous practices and experience.
Under MOCT’s coordination, these ministries and commissions, as the ICM members, provided a wealth of information and data according to the QPR guidelines; civil society organizations also contributed to the report drafting. With these joint efforts, the draft was completed. Due to the impact of COVID-19 pandemic, rather than holding seminars, workshops and other on-site events, consultation process was mainly proceeded online or through exchanges of documents and phone calls. Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (SAR) Government and Macao SAR Government also submitted their respective reports in line with the QPR guidelines as annexes to the draft. The ICM members revised the draft and came up with this final version of the third QPR of the Chinese Government.
Note: In March 2018, the State Council approved the establishment of MOCT to replace the Ministry of Culture and National Tourism Administration.

Executive summary: 

To accelerate cultural development and reform, the Chinese Government has formulated the Outline of the National Plan for Cultural Development and Reform during the 13th Five-Year Plan Period (2016-2020), and adopted a host of policies and measures to protect and promote the diversity of cultural expressions and facilitate the implementation of the Convention.
To support the sustainable system of governance for culture, the Chinese government has rolled out the Development Plan for the Cultural Industry during the 13th Five-Year Plan Period, the Development Plan for Public Digital Culture during the 13th Five-Year Plan Period, as well as the Guiding Opinions on Promoting Innovation in Digital Cultural Industry in a view to accelerating transformation and upgrading of the cultural industry sector, improving its quality and efficiency, activating innovation, and improving its management and services.
To facilitate a more balanced global flow of cultural goods and services, the Chinese government has always supported the mobility of cultural professionals and practitioners. It has implemented the Action Plan on Belt and Road Cultural Development (2016-2020) and the State Council Opinions on Accelerating the Development of Foreign Cultural Trade, and has given preferential treatment to cultural goods and services in the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP), as well as other treaties and agreements, to which China is the signatory party.
To implement the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and integrate culture into the framework of sustainable development, the Chinese government has formulated the National Plan for Implementing the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and issued progress reports on a yearly basis. It has also established the South-South Cooperation Assistance Fund (SSCAF) to support other developing countries in their implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable development.
The Chinese government recognizes and actively supports women as creators, producers and distributors of cultural goods and services, and ensures their right and full access to cultural activities, particularly through the National Arts Fund and “ICH Safeguarding for Poverty Alleviation” program, to promote gender equality in the cultural sector.
As the competent authority of the Convention in China, MOCT has supported civil society organizations’ involvement in the implementation of the Convention. It has invited relevant civil society organizations to jointly prepare this report, and consulted them on the difficulties and challenges they’ve encountered in the implementation of the Convention.

Contact details of the stakeholders involved in the preparation of the quadrennial periodic report (QPR). Please also include the contact details of the civil society organizations (CSOs) if they have contributed to the QPR drafting, including through the CSO form.: 
Organization typeOrganizationEmailWebsite
Public Sector
Ministry of Culture and Tourism
intl@chinaculture.org

Goal 1 - Support Sustainable Systems of Governance for Culture

Cultural and Creative Sectors

A Ministry (or agency with ministerial status) is responsible for cultural and creative sectors: 
YES
Regional, provincial or local governments or administrations have decentralised responsibilities for policies and measures promoting the cultural and creative sectors:: 
NO
Regulatory frameworks and sector specific laws, policies and/or strategies supporting the cultural and creative industries have been revised or adopted during the last 4 years: 
YES
If YES, has at least one of them been designed through interministerial cooperation (involving different government departments responsible for policy areas, such as communication, education, ICT, trade, foreign affairs, labor, finance): 
YES
Specific education and training programmes in the arts and the cultural and creative sectors are established, including: 
Digital literacy programmes for creation and experimentation
Technical and vocational education and training programmes in
Cinema/Audiovisual arts
Cultural management
Design
Digital cultural and creative sectors
Media arts
Music
Performing arts
Publishing
Visual arts
Tertiary and university education degrees in
Cinema/audiovisual arts
Cultural management
Design
Digital cultural and creative sectors
Media arts
Music
Performing arts
Publishing
Visual arts
Specific measures and programmes have been implemented over the last 4 years to: 
Support job creation in the cultural and creative sectors
Encourage the formalization and growth of micro/small and medium-sized cultural enterprises
Statistical offices or research bodies have produced data during the last 4 years: 
related to cultural and creative sectors
evaluating cultural policies
Share of cultural and creative sectors in Gross Domestic Product (GDP): 
0.00%
Total public budget for culture (in USD): 
16,455,000,000USD
2019
Relevant Policies and Measures: 

Development Plan for the Cultural Industry during the 13th Five-Year Plan Period

Name of agency responsible for the implementation of the policy/measure: 
Ministry of Culture and Tourism (MOCT)
Cultural domains covered by the policy/measure: 
Cine / Artes audiovisuales
Diseño
Medios de comunicación
Música
Las artes escénicas
Artes visuales
Describe the main features of the policy/measure: 
The Plan is designed to optimize the structure of the cultural industry through supply side structural reform. It focuses on developing backbone cultural enterprises and creative cultural industry, fostering emerging cultural industry forms, boosting the transformation and upgrading of the cultural industry sector, and improving its quality and efficiency in an effort to build a modern cultural industrial system with reasonable structure, complete categories, high scientific and technological content, full of creativity and strong competitiveness. It aims to implement the innovation-driven development strategy to promote the comprehensive and coordinated development of performing arts, entertainment, animation, games, creative design, Internet culture, cultural tourism, artworks, arts and crafts, cultural exhibitions, as well as cultural equipment manufacturing. The leapfrog development of these key areas will make the cultural industry sector the pillar of the national economy. It aims to modernize the governance system and competence of the cultural sector, innovate institutional mechanism for cultural industry development, improve cultural industry policies, laws and regulations, accelerate the legislation process, implement cultural economic policies, intensify talent support, optimize public services, and enhance statistical application so as to foster a favorable environment for the cultural industry development in an all-round way.
Does it specifically target young people?: 
NO
Does the International Fund for Cultural Diversity (IFCD) support the implementation of the policy/measure?: 
NO
What are the results achieved so far through the implementation of the policy/measure?: 
N/A
Financial resources allocated to the policy/measure in USD: 
N/A
Has the implementation of the policy/measure been evaluated?: 
NO
If yes, what are the main conclusions/recommendations?: 
Partner(s) engaged in the implementation of the measure: 
Name of partner: 
competent cultural authorities at provincial, autonomous region and municipality levels
Type of entity: 
Public Sector
Name of partner: 
market entities including cultural enterprises and other parties involved in the cultural industry sector
Type of entity: 
Private Sector

Development Plan for the Press, Publications, Radio, Films and Television during the 13th Five-Year Period

Name of agency responsible for the implementation of the policy/measure: 
National Press and Publication Administration (NPPA), National Radio and Television Administration (NRTA), China Film Administration (CFA), China National Intellectual Property Administration (CNIPA)
Cultural domains covered by the policy/measure: 
Cine / Artes audiovisuales
Medios de comunicación
Música
Industria editorial
Describe the main features of the policy/measure: 
By adhering to the new development philosophy of innovation, coordination, green, openness and sharing and proceeding from the realities, this Plan aims to accelerate the change of the development mode and the transformation of press, publications, films, radio and television from growth in quantity and scale to improvement in quality and efficiency to ensure higher-quality, more efficient, equitable and sustainable development. The Plan aims to enforce the Law on Ensuring Public Cultural Services of the People’s Republic of China and fully implement the nationwide reading project and the rural digital library project to meet people’s basic cultural needs and ensure their cultural rights and interests. It’s also intended to enhance the capacity of producing, translating, publishing and disseminating cultural works in spoken and written languages of ethnic groups, and give priority to supporting the installation of public reading facilities in poor areas to ensure basic rights and interests of special groups in reading. According to the Plan, the R&D, standard formulation, promotion and application of high technology will be further applied to film production to enhance its scientific and technological level. The highly coordinated information management for film business and process will be promoted; a modern digital film distribution and projection, as well as an information service system will be set up; an impetus will also be given to the development of IMAX films and 3D films. Efforts have been made to fully implement the “Smart Broadcasting & TV” development strategy by integrating broadcasting and TV media, building a cloud platform for integrated media production and broadcasting and developing 4K UHDTV services. Broadcasting and TV networks have been upgraded to be more interactive, broadband-based and intelligent. An omnimedia service cloud has been set up to improve general service capacity and ensure standard and intelligent operation of broadcasting and TV terminals. New and high technologies have been applied to expand new modals and develop new business forms for service provision. The Plan is also intended to strengthen the copyright protection system and social service system, improve the national copyright supervision and service platform, and safeguard the legitimate rights and interests of copyright holders. Efforts will be made to create a fair, open and transparent environment for the copyright industry and strengthen the impetus for market players to innovate and start new businesses. The accelerated development of copyright industry will surely make a greater contribution to the national economy.
Does it specifically target young people?: 
NO
Does the International Fund for Cultural Diversity (IFCD) support the implementation of the policy/measure?: 
NO
What are the results achieved so far through the implementation of the policy/measure?: 
N/A
Financial resources allocated to the policy/measure in USD: 
N/A
Has the implementation of the policy/measure been evaluated?: 
YES
If yes, what are the main conclusions/recommendations?: 
During the 13th Five-Year Plan period, the publishing industry has shown distinctive features of higher-quality growth, which is reflected in more optimized industrial layout, more reasonable product mix, enhanced competitiveness of publishing enterprises, and more prominent public services. First, the industrial layout has continued to improve; online publishing and intelligent publishing have grown rapidly. In 2019, the revenue of electronic publications grew by 8.56%. Second, the product mix has been further optimized with dramatic increase of the single-variety benefits of books. From 2015 to 2019, the varieties of published books have increased by 6.35%, and the total printed copies of books have increased by 22.63%. Third, publishing and media groups have enjoyed high quality development; the industrial structure has been constantly optimized. In 2019, 106 groups for books and newspaper publishing and distribution achieved a total revenue of 347.62 billion RMB, a total asset of 792.96 billion RMB and a profit of 35.4 billion RMB, accounting for 75.8%, 91.9% and 73% respectively of the national publishing and distribution industries. Fourth, the public service coverage of published products has been expanded, and the public cultural service system of the publishing industry has been further improved. During the 13th Five-Year Plan period, the total box office in China’s film market has increased from 45.712 billion RMB in 2016 to 64.266 billion RMB in 2019; the urban movie viewers have increased from 1.372 billion to 1.727 billion; more than 9,000 new screens have been added annually. In 2020, despite the COVID-19 pandemic, the box office revenue in China still reached 20.417 billion RMB and 5,794 new screens were added. China’s film market is the first to recover among the world’s major film markets and continues to grow. During the 13th Five-Year Plan period, a new type of broadcasting and TV service system was established, which was convenient and efficient, fully functional and accessible to all households in rural and urban areas. By the end of 2020, broadcasting and TV services could reach 99.38 percent and 99.59 percent of the total population. There were 147 million households covered by DBS (Direct Broadcast Satellite), 207 million active cable TV subscribers, over 100 million HDTV subscribers, 750 HDTV channels and six 4K UHDTV channels. The major achievements in copyright area during the 13th Five-Year Plan period are as follows. First, the copyright legal system has been improved. The third amendment of the Copyright Law of the People’s Republic of China has been accomplished, and a series of normative documents have been issued. Second, the copyright law enforcement and supervision system have been improved. The special crackdown campaign on piracy has been effective, and the copyright administrative law enforcement system has been enhanced. A special campaign has been launched to combat online infringement and piracy for five consecutive years. During the 13th Five-Year Plan period, copyright law enforcement departments across the country have investigated and handled more than 13,000 cases of infringement and piracy, and confiscated 40 million pieces of infringing and pirated products. Third, remarkable achievement has been made in copyright software. In 2019, the software business generated revenue of 7.21 trillion RMB. Fourth, the copyright social service system have been improved. A nationwide copyright licensing system has been established with 16 national copyright trading centers and bases. Copyright registration service has been enhanced. In 2019, a total of 4.18 million copyrights were registered nationwide, including 2.7 million works copyright and 1.48 million software copyright. Fifth, international cooperation and exchanges on copyright have been deepened. The Beijing Treaty on Audiovisual Performances came into effect on April 28, 2020.
Partner(s) engaged in the implementation of the measure: 
Name of partner: 
departments in charge of press and publications, radio, films and television, and copyright in all provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities
Type of entity: 
Public Sector
Name of partner: 
all kinds of media, entities in press and publications, radio, films and television market and other relevant parties
Type of entity: 
Private Sector

Media Diversity

Public service media has a legal or statutory remit to promote a diversity of cultural expressions: 
YES
Policies and measures promote content diversity in programming by supporting: 
Regional and/or local broadcasters
Linguistic diversity in media programming
Community programming for marginalised groups (e.g. indigenous peoples, migrants and refugees, etc.)
Socio-cultural programming (e.g. children, youth, people with disabilities, etc.)
Domestic content regulations for audio-visual media exist (e.g. quotas for production or distribution requirements for national films, TV series or music on radio): 
YES
Regulatory authority(ies) monitoring media exist: 
YES
If YES, please provide the name and year of establishment of the regulatory authority(ies): 
National Radio and Television Administration (NRTA), 2018
If YES, these regulatory authority(ies) monitor: 
Public media
Community media
Private sector media
Online media
If YES, these regulatory authority(ies) are responsible for: 
Issuing licenses to broadcasters, content providers, platforms
Receiving and addressing public complaints such as online harassment, fake news, hate speech, etc.
Monitoring cultural (including linguistic) obligations
Relevant Policies and Measures: 

Implementation of the Regulations of Program Contents for Minors

Name of agency responsible for the implementation of the policy/measure: 
National Radio and Television Administration (NRTA)
Cultural domains covered by the policy/measure: 
Cine / Artes audiovisuales
Describe the main features of the policy/measure: 
Various means have been used to guide the development and improve the quality of broadcasting and television programs and online audiovisual programs that are mainly targeted at minors. The first is to specify the norms that should be observed in program production and communications, such as those for dressing and performance, topic selection, words and deeds of hosts and their guests, use of language, broadcast length, and program format. The second is to support and encourage original programs. It has been specified that programs for minors should be creative and that originality of these programs should be enhanced. The third is to use the innovative methods to establish a special cyber space for minors with the mechanisms including the legal guardian consent system, minors protection commissioner system, rest reminder system, notification and deletion system, public supervision and reporting system, program evaluation committee system, social evaluation system and annual reporting system, so as to ensure a three-dimensional, multi-layered and all-round supervision over programs for minors. The fourth is to emphasize social co-governance. Government regulation and social supervision should be combined to crack down on illegal behaviors. Internal management obligations and responsibilities of program production and communications organizations should be intensified. The role of industry organizations should be given into full play while enhancing industrial self-discipline.
Does it specifically target young people?: 
YES
Does the International Fund for Cultural Diversity (IFCD) support the implementation of the policy/measure?: 
NO
What are the results achieved so far through the implementation of the policy/measure?: 
N/A
Financial resources allocated to the policy/measure in USD: 
N/A
Has the implementation of the policy/measure been evaluated?: 
NO
If yes, what are the main conclusions/recommendations?: 
Partner(s) engaged in the implementation of the measure: 
Name of partner: 
Relevant actors/stakeholders involved in production and communications of programs for minors
Type of entity: 
Public Sector

Development Plan for Public Digital Culture during the 13th Five-Year Plan Period

Name of agency responsible for the implementation of the policy/measure: 
Ministry of Culture and Tourism (MOCT)
Cultural domains covered by the policy/measure: 
Diseño
Medios de comunicación
Música
Las artes escénicas
Artes visuales
Describe the main features of the policy/measure: 
Through the national information projects such as Broadband China and Smart Cities, and the national platform for public digital cultural projects, a nationwide service network for public digital culture will be set up to provide cloud-based service, making the service more digitalized, network-based, and intelligent. Efforts will be made to set up a hierarchical and distributed database for public digital cultural resources. The resources will be well-structured and used wisely with increasing volume and ever improving quality. Resources that are suitable for online transmission will be further enriched to ensure public availability. The latest scientific and technological achievements will be applied to unblock the channels for public digital cultural services; the service model will be innovated to meet the cultural needs of the general public so as to provide multi-layered, diversified, pertinent and effective services. National Cultural Information Resource-Sharing Project, National Digital Library Promotion Project and the Public Electronic Reading Room Program will be planned and implemented in a coordinated way. Their networks should be open, compatible and interoperable; their specific functions should be clearly defined. In this way, these projects will be complementary to each other and form synergy to enhance overall service efficiency. Social forces will be encouraged and supported to engage in the development of public digital culture. Platforms and channels will be set up and expanded for their involvement; Public Private Partnership (PPP) model will be promoted to encourage and guide social forces to engage in public digital cultural service provision with a view to tapping the market potential to the full. The management of public digital culture will be strengthened; its mechanism for scientific research and development, content enrichment, standard specifications formulation, and performance assessment and evaluation will be improved. This will make the management more scientific and standard-based.
Does it specifically target young people?: 
NO
Does the International Fund for Cultural Diversity (IFCD) support the implementation of the policy/measure?: 
NO
What are the results achieved so far through the implementation of the policy/measure?: 
N/A
Financial resources allocated to the policy/measure in USD: 
N/A
Has the implementation of the policy/measure been evaluated?: 
NO
If yes, what are the main conclusions/recommendations?: 
Partner(s) engaged in the implementation of the measure: 
Name of partner: 
Competent cultural departments of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities
Type of entity: 
Public Sector
Name of partner: 
parties involved in public digital cultural development
Type of entity: 
Private Sector

Entorno digital

Policies, measures or mechanisms are in place to support the digital transformation of cultural and creative industries and institutions (e.g. funding for digitization of analogue industries): 
YES
Policies or measures have been introduced to ensure vibrant domestic digital cultural and creative industries markets with a diversity of e-players of all sizes (e.g. fair remuneration rules; control market concentration; prevention of monopolies of digital content providers/distributors or their algorithms that potentially restrict the diversity of cultural expressions, etc.):: 
YES
Policies and measures have been implemented to enhance access to and discoverability of domestically produced cultural content in the digital environment (e.g. action plans or policies for digital content pluralism, public support to cultural or artistic portals in specific languages, national or regional online distribution platforms for domestic content, etc.): 
YES
Measures and initiatives have been implemented to promote digital creativity and competencies of artists and other cultural professionals working with new technologies (e.g. spaces for experimentation, incubators, etc.): 
YES
Statistics or studies with recent data on access to digital media, including on the type of cultural content available through digital media, are available: 
NO
Relevant Policies and Measures: 

Guiding Opinions on Promoting Innovation in Digital Cultural Industry

Name of agency responsible for the implementation of the policy/measure: 
Ministry of Culture and Tourism (MOCT)
Cultural domains covered by the policy/measure: 
Cine / Artes audiovisuales
Diseño
Medios de comunicación
Música
Las artes escénicas
Artes visuales
Describe the main features of the policy/measure: 
The policy is designed to guide the development of digital cultural industry, optimize its supply structure, promote the digitalization of cultural resources, integrate digital cultural industry with other industries, lead and expand the market demand for digital cultural consumption. It focuses on key areas of digital cultural industry. It aims to upgrade the animation industry and improve its quality, promote the healthy development of the game industry, enrich the content and modality of the Internet cultural industry, strengthen the digital cultural equipment industry and develop the digital art exhibition industry. The layout of frontier areas will be set up in advance. The policy also aims to develop an innovative ecosystem for digital cultural industry. It will foster market entities, promote their innovation and entrepreneurship. It will guide the agglomeration of the industry, encourage its involvement in the international division of labor and cooperation. A standard digital cultural system will be set up; the market environment for digital cultural industry will be optimized. It will provide strong preferential policy support to the digital cultural industry. Fiscal, tax, financial and other industrial policies will be implemented; innovative services and talent support will be guaranteed.
Does it specifically target young people?: 
NO
Does the International Fund for Cultural Diversity (IFCD) support the implementation of the policy/measure?: 
NO
What are the results achieved so far through the implementation of the policy/measure?: 
N/A
Financial resources allocated to the policy/measure in USD: 
N/A
Has the implementation of the policy/measure been evaluated?: 
NO
If yes, what are the main conclusions/recommendations?: 
Partner(s) engaged in the implementation of the measure: 
Name of partner: 
competent cultural departments of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities
Type of entity: 
Public Sector
Name of partner: 
cultural enterprises and other entities in the market, and other parties involved in the cultural industry sector
Type of entity: 
Private Sector

Partnering with Civil Society

Professional organizations and/or trade unions representing artists and/or cultural professionals in the following sectors exist in your country (i.e. federation of musicians, publishers unions, etc.): 
Cinema/Audiovisual arts
Design
Media Arts
Music
Publishing
Visual Arts
Performing Arts
Public funding schemes supporting CSOs involvement in promoting the diversity of cultural expressions exist: 
YES
Training and mentoring opportunities were organized or supported by public authorities during the last 4 years to build skills on communication, advocacy and/or fundraising of civil society organizations involved in the promotion of the diversity of cultural expressions: 
YES
Dialogue mechanisms between public authorities and CSOs for cultural policy making and/or monitoring have been implemented during the last 4 years (meetings, working groups, etc.): 
NO
If YES, please provide up to 2 examples: 
-
Policies and measures promoting the diversity of cultural expressions have been elaborated in consultation with CSOs during the last 4 years: 
YES
Relevant Policies and Measures: 

The Opinions on Reforming the Management System of Social Organizations and Promoting Healthy and Orderly Development of the Social Organizations

Name of agency responsible for the implementation of the policy/measure: 
Ministries and commissions of the State Council and local government departments
Cultural domains covered by the policy/measure: 
Cine / Artes audiovisuales
Diseño
Medios de comunicación
Música
Las artes escénicas
Industria editorial
Artes visuales
Describe the main features of the policy/measure: 
The policy is mainly targeted at social organizations in various fields, including social groups, foundations and social service agencies. It has the following features: To foster and develop community-based social organizations. The access threshold will be lowered for those who carry out cultural, sports, recreational and other activities in the communities; their development and service capabilities will be enhanced. To improve policies and measures to support the development of social organizations. Social organizations will be supported in providing public services, and the scope and scale of government procurement of services from social organizations will be gradually expanded. To improve supportive fiscal and tax policies. The central government will continuously arrange special funds to support social organizations’ involvement in social service provision; local governments will make the same arrangement when conditions permit. Qualified social organizations will enjoy preferential tax policies in accordance with relevant laws and regulations. To improve human resources policy. Same policies of vocational qualification, registration assessment and professional title assessment will be enforced for professionals and technical staff of social organizations as for those in related industries; subsidies will be given to qualified professionals in social organizations.
Does it specifically target young people?: 
NO
Does the International Fund for Cultural Diversity (IFCD) support the implementation of the policy/measure?: 
NO
What are the results achieved so far through the implementation of the policy/measure?: 
N/A
Financial resources allocated to the policy/measure in USD: 
N/A
Has the implementation of the policy/measure been evaluated?: 
NO
If yes, what are the main conclusions/recommendations?: 
Partner(s) engaged in the implementation of the measure: 
Name of partner: 
Competent cultural departments
Type of entity: 
Public Sector
Name of partner: 
social organizations in the field of culture
Type of entity: 
Civil Society Organization (CSO)

Goal 2 - Achieve a Balanced Flow of Cultural Goods and Services and Increase the Mobility of Artists and Cultural Professionals

Mobility of Artists and Cultural Professionals

Please indicate if the following policies and measures exist in your country: 
Policies and measures supporting the outward mobility of artists and cultural professionals (e.g. export offices, support for participation in international cultural markets for cultural professionals, etc.)
Please indicate if the following operational programmes have been developed or supported/funded by public authorities during the last 4 years: 
Infrastructure (e.g. arts residencies, cultural institutes, etc.) having a mandate to promote the diversity of cultural expressions and hosting a large number of foreign artists, notably from developing countries
Major cultural events (e.g. cultural seasons, festivals, cultural industries markets, etc.) having a mandate to promote the diversity of cultural expressions and hosting a large number of foreign artists, notably from developing countries
Please indicate if the following mobility funds (e.g. scholarships, travel grants, etc.) have been managed or supported by public authorities during the last 4 years: 
Public funds supporting the outward mobility of national or resident artists and other cultural professionals
Public funds supporting the inward mobility of foreign artists and other cultural professionals, notably from developing countries
Public funds specifically supporting the mobility of artists and other cultural professionals from or between developing countries, including through North-South-South and South-South cooperation
Relevant Policies and Measures: 

Belt and Road Cultural Development Action Plan by Ministry of Culture (2016-2020)

Name of agency responsible for the implementation of the policy/measure: 
Ministry of Culture and Tourism (MOCT)
Cultural domains covered by the policy/measure: 
Cine / Artes audiovisuales
Música
Las artes escénicas
Artes visuales
Describe the main features of the policy/measure: 
To improve the mechanism for Belt and Road cultural exchanges and cooperation. The plan will facilitate signing of intergovernmental documents with countries and regions along the Belt and Road, deepen the cooperation mechanisms such as the Committee of People-to-People and Cultural Cooperation and the Joint Committee on Culture, and provide effective guarantee for Belt and Road cultural development. It will encourage all provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities to conduct regional cooperation on cultural exchanges, heritage protection, literary and artistic creation and cultural tourism, and guide and support social forces to participate in Belt and Road cultural exchanges and cooperation. To improve the platforms for Belt and Road cultural exchanges and cooperation. Efforts will be made to set up platforms such as international art festivals, expositions and art parks with Belt and Road as their themes or special sections for Belt and Road cultural exchanges at international forums and trade fairs. To build brands for Belt and Road cultural exchanges. Brand building activities such as cultural festivals (or cultural year, cultural season, cultural week or cultural day) will be held in countries and regions alongside the Belt and Road to scale up cultural exchanges. Joint creation, promotion and exhibitions will be advocated among artists, cultural professionals and institutions from these countries and regions. To promote prosperity and development of Belt and Road cultural industry. The plan will support the implementation of distinctive cultural projects in the key areas of cultural tourism, performing arts and entertainment, arts and crafts, creative design, and digital culture, strengthen cooperation in digital protection and development of cultural resources, promote the development of animation and game industries, and boost the integration of Internet industry with cultural industry. To promote Belt and Road cooperation on cultural trade. The plan is intended to explore and improve channels for international cooperation on performing arts, films, television, radio, music, animation, games, entertainment, digital culture, creative design, cultural science and technology equipment, works of art and authorized products.
Does it specifically target young people?: 
NO
Does the International Fund for Cultural Diversity (IFCD) support the implementation of the policy/measure?: 
NO
What are the results achieved so far through the implementation of the policy/measure?: 
N/A
Financial resources allocated to the policy/measure in USD: 
N/A
Has the implementation of the policy/measure been evaluated?: 
NO
If yes, what are the main conclusions/recommendations?: 
Partner(s) engaged in the implementation of the measure: 
Name of partner: 
competent cultural authorities of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities
Type of entity: 
Public Sector
Name of partner: 
relevant parties involved in Belt and Road cultural development
Type of entity: 
Private Sector

Flow of Cultural Goods and Services

Export strategies or measures to support the distribution of cultural goods and services outside your country exist for the following cultural domains: 
Cinema/Audiovisual arts
Design
Media Arts
Music
Publishing
Visual Arts
Performing Arts
Cultural management
Your country has granted or benefited from preferential treatment* to support a balanced exchange of cultural goods and services in the last 4 years: 
YES, I have granted preferential treatment
If YES, please provide up to 2 examples: 
-
Your country has provided or benefited in the last 4 years from Aid for Trade support, a form of Official Development Assistance (ODA), that helped to build capacities to formulate trade policies, participate in negotiating and implementing agreements that provide a special status to cultural goods and services: 
YES, I have provided Aid for Trade support
If YES, please provide up to 2 examples: 
Since 2016, China-Mexico Business and Cultural Fusion Workshops have been held for two consecutive years, with nearly 70 trainees of Mexican artists and cultural professionals.
Since 2016, the Ministry of Culture and Tourism has organized cultural training programs in the fields of creative design, intangible cultural heritage safeguarding, tourism management, theater management, and martial arts for students from many sub-Saharan African countries.
Relevant Policies and Measures: 

Continuous implementation of the Opinions of the State Council on Accelerating the Development of International Cultural Trade

Name of agency responsible for the implementation of the policy/measure: 
Ministry of Commerce (MOFCOM), Ministry of Culture and Tourism(MOCT), National Radio and Television Administration (NRTA), China Film Administration (CFA), National Press and Publication Administration (NPPA)
Cultural domains covered by the policy/measure: 
Cine / Artes audiovisuales
Diseño
Medios de comunicación
Música
Las artes escénicas
Industria editorial
Artes visuales
Describe the main features of the policy/measure: 
This policy aims to speed up the development of both traditional and emerging cultural industry, expand export of cultural goods and services, increase foreign investment in cultural sector, foster internationally competitive and export-oriented cultural enterprises, form cultural goods with core competitiveness, forge cultural brands with international influence, and set up international culture exchange platforms, so as to reverse trade deficit in core cultural goods and services, raise the share of foreign cultural trade in total foreign trade, and expand China’s share of cultural goods and services in the international market.
Does it specifically target young people?: 
NO
Does the International Fund for Cultural Diversity (IFCD) support the implementation of the policy/measure?: 
NO
What are the results achieved so far through the implementation of the policy/measure?: 
Cultural trade and investment grew steadily with optimized trade structure and closer people-to-people ties with trading partners.
Financial resources allocated to the policy/measure in USD: 
N/A
Has the implementation of the policy/measure been evaluated?: 
NO
If yes, what are the main conclusions/recommendations?: 
Partner(s) engaged in the implementation of the measure: 
Name of partner: 
Competent cultural authorities
Type of entity: 
Public Sector
Name of partner: 
cultural enterprises of different types of ownership
Type of entity: 
Private Sector

Tratados y acuerdos

Multilateral or bilateral trade and/or investment agreements providing a special status to cultural goods and/or services have been signed during the last 4 years or are under negociation: 
YES
Multilateral or bilateral agreements including specific provisions providing a special status to cultural goods and services and digital products in the field of e-commerce have been signed during the last 4 years or are under negotiation: 
YES
Multilateral or bilateral agreements, declarations and/or strategies on relevant policy issues for the diversity of cultural expressions (e.g. education, digital, intellectual property, sustainable development, gender equality, etc.) signed or amended to take into account the objectives or principles of the Convention during the last 4 years: 
YES
Relevant Policies and Measures: 

Signing the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (RCEP)

Name of agency responsible for the implementation of the policy/measure: 
Ministry of Commerce (MOFCOM), Ministry of Culture and Tourism (MOCT) and other competent authorities
Cultural domains covered by the policy/measure: 
Cine / Artes audiovisuales
Industria editorial
Describe the main features of the policy/measure: 
The RCEP was officially signed by 15 countries in the Asia and Pacific Region including China, Japan, ROK, Australia, New Zealand and 10 ASEAN countries on November 15, 2020. It is the largest and most important free trade agreement in this region. Once it takes effect, it will cover nearly half of the world population and nearly one third of the world trade. This free trade area will become the one with the largest population, the most diverse membership and the most dynamic development in the world.
Does it specifically target young people?: 
NO
Does the International Fund for Cultural Diversity (IFCD) support the implementation of the policy/measure?: 
NO
What are the results achieved so far through the implementation of the policy/measure?: 
N/A
Financial resources allocated to the policy/measure in USD: 
N/A
Has the implementation of the policy/measure been evaluated?: 
NO
If yes, what are the main conclusions/recommendations?: 
Partner(s) engaged in the implementation of the measure: 
Name of partner: 
The RCEP member states
Type of entity: 
Public Sector

Goal 3 - Integrate Culture in Sustainable Development Frameworks

National Sustainable Development Policies & Plans

National sustainable development plans and strategies recognize the strategic role of: 
Culture (in general)
Please rate from 1 to 4 the type of outcomes expected by the inclusion of culture in national sustainable development plans and strategies 1 most often expected outcome 4 least expected outcome): 
Economic (e.g. employment, trade, intellectual property, cultural and creative industries, rural and territorial development): 
1
Social (e.g. social cohesion and inclusion, inequality and poverty reduction, values and identity, vulnerable and minority groups, empowerment and human capital, education): 
1
Environmental (e.g. natural resources, reducing environmental impact of cultural industries and practices): 
1
Cultural (e.g. cultural infrastructure, participation and access to culture, innovation, artists support): 
1
Public cultural bodies and agencies responsible for culture or creative industries are involved in the design and implementation of sustainable development policies and plans (i.e. participate in coordination mechanisms such as joint planning committees): 
YES
Cultural industry-led regeneration initiatives and projects at the regional, urban and/or rural levels have been implemented in the last 4 years: 
YES
Policies and measures facilitate participation in cultural life and access to diverse cultural facilities and expressions, notably addressing the needs of disadvantaged or vulnerable groups (e.g. via reduced entrance fees; audience development, arts education and audiences awareness-raising): 
YES
Latest data on cultural participation rates by socio demographic variables (sex/age groups/rural- urban/income levels/education levels): 
N/A
Relevant Policies and Measures: 

Formulation of China’s National Plan for the Implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development

Name of agency responsible for the implementation of the policy/measure: 
Ministries and commissions of the State Council
Cultural domains covered by the policy/measure: 
Cine / Artes audiovisuales
Diseño
Medios de comunicación
Música
Las artes escénicas
Industria editorial
Artes visuales
Describe the main features of the policy/measure: 
In March 2016, the Fourth Session of the Twelfth National People’s Congress adopted the Outline of the 13th Five-Year Plan which integrates the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development with China’s medium and long-term national development plan. Particularly, China has formulated and released the National Plan for the implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, which defines the guiding philosophy, general principle and roadmap for implementing the 2030 Agenda, and elaborates on China’s specific plan for the implementation of the 17 SDGs and 169 targets in the coming years. As one of the members of the inter-ministerial coordination mechanism for the implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, MOCT has also contributed to the achievement of culture-related SDGs.
Does it specifically target young people?: 
NO
Does the International Fund for Cultural Diversity (IFCD) support the implementation of the policy/measure?: 
NO
What are the results achieved so far through the implementation of the policy/measure?: 
In order to review the implementation of the 2030 Agenda in a timely manner and provide useful reference for other countries, China issued two progress reports on the implementation of the 2030 Agenda in 2017 and 2019 respectively, which summarized the overall progress made in the implementation since September 2015, including that in the cultural field, and put forward plans and objectives for the next step.
Financial resources allocated to the policy/measure in USD: 
N/A
Has the implementation of the policy/measure been evaluated?: 
NO
If yes, what are the main conclusions/recommendations?: 
Partner(s) engaged in the implementation of the measure: 
Name of partner: 
45 members of the inter-ministerial coordination mechanism for the implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development
Type of entity: 
Public Sector

International Cooperation for Sustainable Development

Your country has contributed to or benefited from the International Fund for Cultural Diversity (IFCD) during the last 4 years: 
YES, my country has contributed to the IFCD
Development cooperation strategies, including South-South cooperation strategies, recognize the strategic role of creativity and diverse cultural expressions: 
NO
If YES, please provide the name(s) of the strategy and year(s) of adoption: 
-
Your country manages multi- and/or bilateral technical assistance and capacity building cooperation programmes supporting: 
Medium, small or micro-enterprise development of creative industries and markets in developing countries
Value of the total national contribution to the International Fund for Cultural Diversity (in USD): 
80,000.00
2018
Relevant Policies and Measures: 

Establishment of the South-South Cooperation Assistance Fund (SSCAF)

Name of agency responsible for the implementation of the policy/measure: 
China International Development Cooperation Agency (CIDCA)
Cultural domains covered by the policy/measure: 
Cine / Artes audiovisuales
Diseño
Medios de comunicación
Música
Las artes escénicas
Industria editorial
Artes visuales
Describe the main features of the policy/measure: 
The South-South Cooperation Assistance Fund is a foreign aid fund set up by the Chinese government to support other developing countries in achieving the SDGs of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. While attending the UN Sustainable Development Summit in 2015, President Xi Jinping announced the establishment of SSCAF with an initial contribution of 2 billion US dollars. At the opening ceremony of the Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation in 2017, President Xi announced an increase of 1 billion US dollars of contribution to the Fund. For example, through SSCAF, China has launched an initiative to install digital television facilities in 10,000 villages in more than 20 African countries. At the same time, through the inter-governmental foreign assistance, China has carried out cooperative projects with local radio and television centers in Seychelles, Comoros, Tanzania and Mauritius to enhance their broadcasting capacity and make them important vehicles for promoting the local culture.
Does it specifically target young people?: 
NO
Does the International Fund for Cultural Diversity (IFCD) support the implementation of the policy/measure?: 
NO
What are the results achieved so far through the implementation of the policy/measure?: 
N/A
Financial resources allocated to the policy/measure in USD: 
3 billion USD
Has the implementation of the policy/measure been evaluated?: 
NO
If yes, what are the main conclusions/recommendations?: 
Partner(s) engaged in the implementation of the measure: 
Name of partner: 
International organizations, governments of recipient countries related to the projects assisted by SSCAF
Type of entity: 
Public Sector
Name of partner: 
civil society organizations related to the projects assisted by SSCAF
Type of entity: 
Civil Society Organization (CSO)

Goal 4 - Promote Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms

Gender Equality

Ministries, governmental agencies and/or parliamentary bodies in charge of gender equality: 
Exist and are relevant for artists and cultural professionals
Policies and measures to support the full participation of women in cultural life have been implemented during the last 4 years: 
YES
Policies and measures have been adopted to support the recognition and advancement of women as artists, cultural professionals and/or creative entrepreneurs, (e.g. ensure equal pay for equal work or equal access to funding, coaching or mentoring schemes, anti-discrimination measures, etc.): 
YES
Data is regularly collected and disseminated to monitor: 
Participation of women in cultural life
Relevant Policies and Measures: 

Let Mothers Go Home Program - Revitalization of Traditional Craftsmanship for Poverty Alleviation in Xiangxi Prefecture of Hunan Province

Name of agency responsible for the implementation of the policy/measure: 
Bureau of Culture, Tourism, Broadcasting, Film and Television in Xiangxi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture of Hunan Province
Cultural domains covered by the policy/measure: 
Diseño
Describe the main features of the policy/measure: 
As one of the first key areas supported by the Ministry of Culture and Tourism’s ICH Safeguarding and Poverty Alleviation initiative, Xiangxi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture (Xiangxi for short) of Hunan Province has worked vigorously on the safeguarding of ICH for poverty alleviation. The locally registered poor population and left-behind rural women have been encouraged to learn traditional craftsmanship including mainly Miao embroidery technique, Tujia brocade technique as well as Xiangxi bamboo weaving skills. As a result, the endogenous dynamics of the local economy has been mobilized, with more jobs created, local income increased and targeted poverty alleviation promoted. In October 2016, Xiangxi launched Let Mothers Go Home Program to guide migrant women workers back home to start businesses of their own or take jobs. Xiangxi Traditional Crafts Workstation, the ICH workshops for poverty alleviation and job creation, and Xiangxi Minzu Vocational & Technical College, as the implementers of the program, have supported migrant women workers to return to their hometown and engage in the production and management of ICH-related products while promoting ICH safeguarding and transmission. The program aims to safeguard ICH elements, to enlarge the population of ICH bearers and practitioners, and to create cultural brands through the marketing of ICH products, and build operational and win-win models that meet the market demand so as to bring social and economic benefits to all the stakeholders and lift them out of poverty in the end. The program takes into account rural women’s needs to take care of their children and families, and adopts the method of combining centralized processing, decentralized processing and piecework payment to facilitate local and flexible employment. The “home-based” poverty alleviation not only ensures a fixed source of monthly income for poor families, but also keeps mothers at home for more otherwise left-behind children. The program also provides reemployment opportunities for middle-aged and older women. Sixty percent of the women working for ICH enterprises are over 50 years old. Many of them are not competent for heavy manual work. However, most of them have inherited the skills from the previous generation.
Does it specifically target young people?: 
NO
Does the International Fund for Cultural Diversity (IFCD) support the implementation of the policy/measure?: 
NO
What are the results achieved so far through the implementation of the policy/measure?: 
Since the program was launched in October 2016, two provincial-level and 10 prefecture-level ICH workshops for poverty alleviation and job creation have been established in Xiangxi; 42 out of 221 workshops for job creation are exclusively for women. In 2019 alone, there were 9,006 new start-ups in the prefecture, creating 12,276 jobs in both urban and rural areas. The workshops across the prefecture enjoyed a policy subsidy of 3.1158 million RMB in total, and an additional secured loan of 158.443 million RMB. As promoted by the local government and Xiangxi Traditional Crafts Workstation, the ICH production enterprises have grown rapidly in Xiangxi. In 2019, there were more than 3,000 cultural enterprises in the whole prefecture with over 60,000 employees, and the total output value of the cultural industry reached 3.513 billion RMB. The cultural products have been sold domestically or abroad to more than 10 foreign countries and regions. A number of representative enterprises have emerged, such as Seven Embroidery Workshop, the Farmers’ Daughters, Bi’er Bamboo Weaving and Chengju Brocade.
Financial resources allocated to the policy/measure in USD: 
N/A
Has the implementation of the policy/measure been evaluated?: 
NO
If yes, what are the main conclusions/recommendations?: 
Partner(s) engaged in the implementation of the measure: 
Name of partner: 
Xiangxi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture Government of Hunan Province, Xiangxi Traditional Crafts Workstation, ICH workshops for poverty alleviation and job creation, Xiangxi Minzu Vocational and Technical College
Type of entity: 
Public Sector

Libertad artística

The constitution and/or national regulatory frameworks formally acknowledge: 
The right of artists to create without censorship or intimidation
The right of artists to disseminate and/or perform their artistic works
The right for all citizens to freely enjoy artistic works both in public and in private
The right for all citizens to take part in cultural life without restrictions
Independent bodies are established to receive complaints and/or monitor violations and restrictions to artistic freedom: 
NO
Initiatives to protect artists at risk or in exile have been developed or supported by public authorities during the last 4 years (e.g. providing safe houses, guidance and training, etc.): 
NO
Measures and initiatives intended to ensure transparent decision-making on government funding/ state grants and awards for artists exist (e.g. through independent committees, etc.): 
YES
Social protection measures that take the professional status of artists into account have been adopted or revised in the last 4 years (e.g. health insurance, retirement schemes, unemployment benefits, etc.): 
NO
Economic measures that take the status of artists into account have been adopted or revised in the last 4 years (e.g. collective agreements, income tax and other regulatory frameworks, etc.): 
NO
Relevant Policies and Measures: 

China National Arts Fund (CNAF)

Name of agency responsible for the implementation of the policy/measure: 
CNAF Management Center
Cultural domains covered by the policy/measure: 
Medios de comunicación
Música
Las artes escénicas
Artes visuales
Describe the main features of the policy/measure: 
The National Arts Fund is non-profit and aimed at boosting artistic creation, promoting competitive works, cultivating artists, and fostering the healthy development of national arts undertakings. It is funded mainly by the central government and donations from natural persons, legal entities or other organizations at home and abroad according to law.
Does it specifically target young people?: 
NO
Does the International Fund for Cultural Diversity (IFCD) support the implementation of the policy/measure?: 
NO
What are the results achieved so far through the implementation of the policy/measure?: 
From 2014 to 2018, CNAF has actually funded 4,013 general projects, with a total investment of 3.338 billion RMB and the rolling funding of 59 million RMB. From funding structure perspective, stage art creation programs have enjoyed the largest amount of funding, followed by communication and promotion programs, taking up nearly 30% of the total, then by the artists training programs, more than 10%, and then by the young artists and creators programs. However, the number of the number of young artists and creators programs funded by CNAF has been far more than that of others, taking up nearly 30 % of the total general projects being funded within five years. Fine arts creation project was launched in 2016 and funded once in the same year; it has been the type with the least funding so far. In 2018, for example, CNAF funded 938 projects, including 155 large-scale stage plays and works with a total funding of 376.14 million RMB, 181 small plays and works with the funding of 28.05 million RMB, 132 artists training programs funded with 84.1 million RMB, 290 programs for young artists and creators funded with 42.8 million RMB, and 180 communication and promotion programs funded with 202.1 million RMB.
Financial resources allocated to the policy/measure in USD: 
During the 13th Five-Year Plan period (2016-2020), the central government has further increased its investment in CNAF with the planned budget of 2.5 billion RMB, including 400 million RMB for the year 2016, 368 million RMB for 2017, 832 million RMB for 2018 and 800 million RMB for 2019.
Has the implementation of the policy/measure been evaluated?: 
YES
If yes, what are the main conclusions/recommendations?: 
Since its operation, CNAF Management Center has adopted the project-based funding management system while respecting the law of arts and the reality of arts development. It has continuously improved the working mechanism of fund management, enhanced fund supervision, and strengthened the guidance of fund use. As a result, the principal responsibility of the projects for fund management and use has been strengthened. The Management Center has played a positive role in guiding, demonstrating and promoting the standardized, professional and scientific management of the arts fund, which has effectively contributed to the healthy and prosperous development of the arts industry.
Partner(s) engaged in the implementation of the measure: 
Name of partner: 
Institutions and individuals applying for China National Arts Fund

Measures and Initiatives reported by Civil Society Organizations

Describe how the CSO form has been used to promote collaboration with CSOs in the preparation of this report, including the distribution of the form and the modalities of collection and analysis of the information received. Please indicate the percentage of measures and initiatives received that have been considered as relevant by the Party and included in the QPR.: 
In 2020, MOCT invited relevant civil society organizations in areas covered by the Convention to the preparation of this quadrennial periodic report (QPR). Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the consultation process with civil society organizations was mainly proceeded online or through exchange of phone calls. After analyzing the information collected from civil society organizations, the inter-ministerial coordination mechanism decided to include relevant civil society organizations measures and initiatives into the QPR.
GOAL 1 - Support sustainable systems of governance for culture: 

The initiative of establishing a vocational skills training and accreditation system for practitioners in culture and entertainment industry

Name of CSO(s) responsible for the implementation of the measure/initiative: 
China Culture and Entertainment Industry Association (CCEIA)
Cultural domains covered by the measure/initiative: 
Música
Las artes escénicas
Describe the main features of the measure/initiative: 
CCEIA is the top level industry organization in the culture and entertainment field in China, and its training center has conducted in-depth cooperation and resource sharing with Central Academy of Culture & Tourism Administration (CACTA), Education and Training Center of Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security (MOHRSS), School of Continuing Education of Tsinghua University, and Meituan University to set up a vocational skills training and accreditation system for practitioners in the fields of song and dance entertainment, gaming entertainment, e-sports, and location-based entertainment (LBE). CCEIA is trying to improve the comprehensive ability of the practitioners, scientifically plan career development path for the practitioners and accurately improve their job skills.
Does it specifically target young people?: 
NO
Does this measure/initiative receive or has it received International Fund for Cultural Diversity (IFCD) funding?: 
NO
What are the results achieved so far through the implementation of the measure/initiative?: 
By now, CCEIA has completed the development of training and certification standards for network information administrators, digital entertainment application technology engineers, music editors and controllers, service consultants, and e-sports operators. It has established partnerships with local management authorities, industry organizations and representative enterprises in many provinces and cities such as Shanghai, Tianjin, Zhejiang, Jiangsu, Sichuan and Shaanxi. In 2020, two professional skills training workshops were held for digital entertainment technology application engineers through online self-learning, on-line teaching, offline face-to-face teaching and practical computer operation, benefiting over 100 practitioners in the song and dance entertainment industry nationwide.
GOAL 2 - Achieve a balanced flow of cultural goods and services and increase the mobility of artists and cultural professionals: 

China (Beijing) Performing Arts Expo

Name of CSO(s) responsible for the implementation of the measure/initiative: 
China Association of Performance Industry (CAPI)
Cultural domains covered by the measure/initiative: 
Música
Las artes escénicas
Describe the main features of the measure/initiative: 
China (Beijing) Performing Arts Expo is a grand event hosted by CAPI, an important platform for showcasing performing arts achievements, inspiring cultural creativity, expanding market channels and enhancing communications and exchanges. It was founded in 2018 when China International Performance Trade Fair and Performing Arts Beijing, as its two predecessors, were integrated and settled in Beijing permanently afterwards. By 2018, China International Performance Fair had been held in 16 cities across the country and the event of Performing Arts Beijing had been organized four times in Beijing. With the theme of “Art Nourishes a Better Life”, the 2018 China (Beijing) Performing Arts Expo included exhibitions, 17 thematic forums, presentations of 15 outstanding works and plays under 6 categories of performing arts from different countries and regions, as well as opening and closing ceremonies, attended by over thousands of performing arts organizations and practitioners. As the core event of the Expo, exhibitions covered an area of nearly 19,000 square meters; it was an important platform for exchanges and dialogue, cooperation and negotiation, and accurate matching of performing arts products. The exhibition area was divided into two sections: professional section and public section. Thousands of performing arts institutions at home and abroad were gathered in the professional section for project display and promotion and brand announcement, while the public section was open for interactive public experience including SHOWCASE stage, demonstration of performing arts technology, animation, children’s drama, local operas, etc. 17 thematic forums were held during the Expo; the leading figures and industry elites in the performing arts at home and abroad were invited to discuss about national cultural development strategy, the frontier dynamics of the international market, key areas, current development and future trend of the performing arts industry. CAPI also co-organized a seminar with Canada, as the guest of honor, where domestic and international performing arts experts shared with the audience about the multinational creation, cooperation among international artists and creation of the commissioned projects by foreign directors or choreographers. Topics of “applying cross-cultural creation to stage arts” and performing arts programs of different styles were also discussed. Affected by the COVID-19 pandemic, the 2020 China (Beijing) Performing Arts Expo was held in an online-and-offline method. It took advantage of Internet to break boundaries of space, and facilitated communications through exhibitions, forums, negotiations, and performances. The off-line conference was held in Beijing with the themes of “Stage Performing Arts Summit -- Opportunities and Challenges Brought by Immersive New Technologies” and “China and West Asian & North African Countries Performing Arts Forum”. At the Stage Performing Arts Summit, world-renowned immersive performance project creators shared how they combined content creation with advanced technology, and discussed new ideas, models and challenges brought by new technology for stage art creation and performance operation with leading Chinese technology and content creation teams. During the forum, representatives of performance industry organizations, art festivals, cultural foundations and other institutions from China and West Asian & North African countries conducted in-depth exchanges and discussions on the ways and trends of future cooperation in performing arts through keynote speeches, good practice presentations and high-level dialogue.
Does it specifically target young people?: 
NO
Does this measure/initiative receive or has it received International Fund for Cultural Diversity (IFCD) funding?: 
NO
What are the results achieved so far through the implementation of the measure/initiative?: 
China (Beijing) Performing Arts Expo aims to create a world-class performing arts expo and promote the aggregation of innovative achievements in global performing arts, and carry out authoritative, academic, exploratory, extensive and participatory brand activities in performing arts industry.
GOAL 3 - Integrate culture in sustainable development frameworks: 

International Exchanges Program for Art Creation & Management

Name of CSO(s) responsible for the implementation of the measure/initiative: 
China International Cultural Association (CICA)
Cultural domains covered by the measure/initiative: 
Diseño
Música
Las artes escénicas
Artes visuales
Describe the main features of the measure/initiative: 
In order to promote the development of Chinese cultural undertakings and cultural industries, improve the professionalism of art creation and management, cultivate top-level artists and cultural professionals of versatile talents, draw upon advanced international managerial experience, and build a platform for exchanges and cooperation between Chinese and foreign cultural institutions, CICA launched the International Exchanges Program for Art creation and Management in 2013 to provide training for performing arts industry, cultural and museological industry and handicraft design industry in cooperation with China Oriental Performing Arts Group, China National Art Museum, China Exhibition (Demi) Co. Ltd., China Culture Media Group, Capital Museum, China Children’s Art Theater, National Theater for the Performing Arts and other organizations. Experts from Royal Opera House of the UK, AKA Performing Arts Marketing Company, Berlin Opera Foundation, New York Musical Society, Korean Daegu Music Festival, Smithsonian Institution, Metropolitan Museum, Guggenheim Museum, V&A Museum of the UK, National Museum of the Netherlands and other world-class art institutions and their Chinese counterparts were invited for presentations, lectures and case studies. Since 2015, CICA, in cooperation with China National Arts Fund (CNAF), has selected more than 20 Chinese artists and cultural professionals every year to go abroad for an immersive internship and exchanges for one to four months in overseas art institutions including museums, art galleries, libraries, theaters, art troupes, performance companies, arts funding agencies and cultural heritage protection agencies.
Does it specifically target young people?: 
NO
Does this measure/initiative receive or has it received International Fund for Cultural Diversity (IFCD) funding?: 
NO
What are the results achieved so far through the implementation of the measure/initiative?: 
From July 2015 to April 2019, CICA has sent a total of 102 people to visit 79 art institutions in 25 countries. Five foreign artists have also been invited for reciprocal visits in China. The program has increased mutual understanding and friendship between Chinese and foreign art institutions and practitioners, and laid foundation for their follow-up cooperation.
GOAL 4 - Promote human rights and fundamental freedoms: 

Literary and Art Creation Support Program for the Youth

Name of CSO(s) responsible for the implementation of the measure/initiative: 
China Federation of Literary and Art Circles (CFLAC)
Cultural domains covered by the measure/initiative: 
Cine / Artes audiovisuales
Música
Las artes escénicas
Artes visuales
Describe the main features of the measure/initiative: 
The program is specifically targeted at young artists active at the grass-roots and frontier of literary and art creation. It aims to build a platform to support their innovation and original works. CFLAC offers targeted support by providing whole-process guidance and publicity for the selected projects. The supporting funds are allocated in batches in accordance with the Project Funding Agreement to assist in project expenditure mainly for information and data collection, audio and visual recordings, exhibitions, performances and publications. Priority will be given to outstanding programs and the funding may increase depending on their categories, scale, cost and other factors. CFLAC follows closely the progress of the projects, coordinates and arranges artists and professionals to provide mid-term guidance, and help the owners to make adjustment and modification so as to improve the quality of their projects. The excellent works that meet the expected requirements will be promoted in appropriate ways for demonstration and publicity. With further proceeding of the projects, a talent poll will be gradually formed and timely replenished.
Does it specifically target young people?: 
YES
Does this measure/initiative receive or has it received International Fund for Cultural Diversity (IFCD) funding?: 
NO
What are the results achieved so far through the implementation of the measure/initiative?: 
The Literary and Art Creation Support Program for the Youth is an annual project plan; CFLAC supported 104 projects in 2016, 92 in 2017, 72 in 2018, 61 in 2019, and 81 in 2020.
On the basis of the analysis of the responses provided through the CSO form, present up to ten main priorities of CSOs to implement the Convention over the next four years.: 
-

Emerging Transversal Issues

Relevant Policies and Measures: 
-

Challenges and Achievements

Describe the main results achieved to implement the Convention (at least one major achievement in one of the four goals): 
Since 2016, China’s foreign cultural trade has been scaling up. With every growing trade volume, foreign culture trade is playing an increasingly prominent role in China’s international trade. Trade in cultural goods still constitutes a major share in China’s export with constantly optimized structure and more diverse trading partners. Trade in cultural services grows rapidly, and gathers good momentum in major industries such as radio, film and television industry, game industry and book copyright industry, whereas the foreign trade competitiveness of the arts works and animation industry needs to be enhanced. Since 2016, China’s export of cultural goods and services has been of higher quality, and been more in line with the needs of the overseas markets. Total foreign trade volume of cultural industry has further doubled. China has been expanding its overseas markets from those increasingly active Belt and Road countries to Southeast Asia, the Middle East, South America and Africa, where private sector is playing a more important role. Take 2019 for example. China’s cultural trade maintained steady and rapid growth in the year. The import and export volume of cultural products totaled 111.45 billion US dollars, a 8.9% year-on-year growth, with export standing at 99.89 billion US dollars, up 7.9% year on year, and import standing at 11.57 billion US dollars, up 17.4% year on year. Trade surplus reached 88.32 billion US dollars, up 6.8%. By category, export of cultural articles, arts and crafts and collectibles and publications grew by 11.7%, 5.6% and 4.8% respectively. By countries and regions, China’s export to ASEAN and EU countries grew faster by 47.4% and 18.9% respectively; its export to Belt and Road countries grew by 24.9%. Import and export volume of personal, cultural and recreational services totaled 5.28 billion US dollars, up 14.5% year on year, with export standing at 1.2 billion US dollars, down 1.3% and import at 4.08 billion US dollars, up 20.2%. Outbound investment in the culture, sports and entertainment sectors reached 540 million US dollars, down 68.0%, taking up 0.5% of the non-financial outbound investment.
Describe the main challenges encountered to implement the Convention and the main solutions found or envisaged to overcome them: 
Cultural and economic development in different countries will intensify the competition in the international cultural market. Big data and Internet will be gradually applied to cultural trade; they will be used to drive consumption and increase the awareness of the value of foreign cultural trade to avoid trade loss arising from mismatched supply and demand such as product homogenization, and facilitate transforming towards localization of cultural trade. The cultural trade pattern will be changed, and this will impact the related industrial and value chains as a whole. China will follow the trend of digital industrialization and industrial digitalization, and implement the strategy of digitalizing its cultural industry to speed up the emergence of new forms of cultural enterprises and consumption modes, transform and upgrade traditional ones and improve their efficiency, quality and core competitiveness. It will set up a modern cultural industrial system with an innovation chain set up and specifically aligned with its industrial chain. It will promote online and offline integration, expand the supply of high-quality digital cultural products, and promote consumption upgrading. At the same time, with continuous advancement of China's cultural development, cultural entities in the market will continue to grow and become more diversified; trade structure will be further optimized, and the increased share of Chinese cultural goods and services in the global cultural market are expected.
Describe the steps planned in the next four years to further implement the Convention and the priority areas identified for future policy action based on the conclusions of the current reporting process: 
In the next four years, the Ministry of Culture and Tourism (MOCT) will further implement the Convention at the national and international levels in line with the Outline of the 14th Five-Year Plan for National Economic and Social Development and Vision 2035 of the People’s Republic of China, and take the following as prioritized areas: First, to further increase the public awareness and understanding of the importance of protecting and promoting diversity of cultural expressions. MOCT will cooperate with universities and academic institutions to carry out theme researches on the Convention, and support academic salons, symposiums, public forums and other promotional activities to enhance the visibility of the Convention in China. Second, to further implement the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development at the national level and give full play to the potential of cultural industries in promoting sustainable economic and social development. China will improve its modern cultural industrial system, expand the supply of high-quality cultural products, implement the strategy digitalizing cultural industry, and develop new cultural enterprises, new business forms, and new modes of cultural consumption. It will promote the integration of urban and rural public cultural services, carry out innovative cultural projects for public benefits and other participatory cultural activities, further digitize public culture and improve its services. Third, to further promote international cooperation. The existing bilateral and multilateral cooperation mechanisms will be leveraged to carry out dialogue on cultural policies and cultural industrial development, and encourage cooperation among public cultural institutions, private sector, civil society organizations and cultural professionals and practitioners. Fourth, to further encourage and support the involvement of civil society organizations in the implementation of the Convention. Questionnaires, seminars and field visits and surveys will be organized to listen to civil society organizations’ opinions and suggestions on the cultural policy-making and learn about their challenges in the implementation of the Convention.

Annexes

Please upload relevant documents (law, policy, agreement, regulation, strategy, etc.), studies and statistics in PDF format related to the implementation of the 4 goals and the 11 areas of monitoring of the Convention in your country. The documents should have been produced during the reporting period covered by this periodic report. Please provide the title and a description of the main content of the document in English or French.: 

Submission

Designated official signing the report: 
Title: 
Mr.
First name: 
Jinying
Family name: 
Xie
Organization: 
Ministry of Culture and Tourism of the People's Republic of China
Position: 
Director-General, Bureau of International Exchanges and Cooperation
Date of submission: 
2021
Electronic Signature: