During the preparation of the report, Ministry of Culture consulted with Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Estonian National Commission for UNESCO, Statistics Estonia and NGO Mondo, who are the main partners for gathering and alalysing the information. A lot of information is available also online.
Since the ratification of the Convention in 2006, Estonia has been implementing its principles through different national policies, strategies and Action Programs of the Government. There are no separate action plans or measures for implementing the Convention, but many measures and initiatives contribute to its goals.
In 2014 “The general principles of cultural policy until 2020” (Culture 2020) were adopted by the parliament. Principles of the Convention provided framework for structured policy discussions and became impeded into all levels of the policy. Furthermore, the UNESCO value chain that captures all of the different phases of the creation, production, and dissemination of culture, has been helpful tool to describe the culture as resulting from associated sets of processes and determine accordingly the needs and interventions in the cultural and creative sectors.
Culture 2020 as the policy background document on culture contains the principles of how the cultural policy is formed and implemented and what are the priorities by each field. It contains three different frameworks or viewpoints. First is the horizontal level that addresses the wider field of culture and refers strongly to principles of the Convention (Creation – Production – Dissemination and Distribution – Access value chain, the essence of cultural diversity etc.). The horizontal level also contains postulations about centralization or decentralization, the growing role of the third sector and communities, transparent financial mechanisms, intellectual property etc. The second group of directions addresses different policy areas that are dependent on the developments in cultural sphere. These discussions analyze the cultural impacts in sustainable development, education, economy, regional developments, foreign affairs etc. The idea of these postulations is to make cultural policies more visible and explain the wider value of cultural richness and creativity. The third part describes general trends and factors in every subsector (arts, heritage, and cultural diversity). Culture 2020 also draws on the national strategy for Estonia's sustainable development "Sustainable Estonia 21" which states four main goals and the first goal is the viability of Estonian cultural space.
Development of cultural and creative industries is a part of "Estonian Entrepreneurship Growth Strategy 2014-2020" which is the most important strategic document on the Estonian economy for the years 2014-2020. Strategy focuses on three main challenges in order to increase the wealth of Estonia: increasing productivity, stimulating entrepreneurship and encouraging innovation. In drawing up the strategy, Estonian Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communication consulted extensively with partners from public as well as private sector and nonprofit bodies, including from cultural and creative sector. As a result, the development of creative industries became a part of the strategy under the section of competitive position.
Monitoring and reporting process of the implementation of the Convention on national level is rather complicated. First, it is difficult to assess and measure the evolution of the diversity of cultural expressions in Estonia because of the lack of relevant statistical tools and databases. Second, national policies, strategies and action programs do not set specific targets related to the Convention. Core principles and concepts of the Convention (i.e. diversity, cultural expressions) are better understood in the context of national policies and strategies. Therefore, there is a potential for capacity building and awareness raising for making the implementation of the Convention through national policies more flexible and visible.
Estonian National Commission for UNESCO