Mongolia increasingly recognizes culture and creativity as an enabler of sustainable development. The 2016 Quadrennial Periodic Report submitted by Mongolia details various achievements as well as obstacles while implementing cultural policies to support the development of its creative sector. One of the major challenges cited in the report is the lack of capacities, structures and human resources to reform cultural policies in order to keep up with rapid globalization, technological development and cultural demands. To address this issue, the Mongolian government has conceived an elaborate plan of action which include: educate Mongolian cultural actors about current trends, promote cultural education, train human resource professionals, encourage initiatives and the creativity of artists, enable cultural entrepreneurs through exhibition opportunities, market locally produced cultural goods, and improve the social security of creative workers. The adoption of the State Policy on Industrial Sector in 2015 represents a clear commitment of the Mongolian government to support the cultural and creative industries.
The UNESCO project on participatory policy monitoring provides a timely opportunity for diverse Mongolian stakeholders from arts, culture and media to come together and discuss ways to foster Mongolia’s creative expressions through policies and measures.
On 9 May 2019, over 120 participants sat down together during the Mongolian Innovation Week 2019 at a multi-stakeholder consultation meeting to examine existing and future initiatives which support contemporary cultural expressions. The participants discussed topics such as reinforcing human resources in creative businesses, developing access of Mongolian cultural goods and services in Mongolia and abroad, why young people watch American or Russian movies, and what can be done to promote domestic contents.
In particular, participants discussed how best to collect and share data as well as to identify achievements and challenges of their cultural policies with the upcoming Quadrennial Periodic Reporting in mind; the reporting is designed to ignite innovative, forward-looking and evidence-based cultural policymaking, is based on multi‐stakeholder dialogues between government and civil society.