Describe the main features of the policy/measure:
The 2019-2022 Work Plan for Culture recognizes that gender equality is a pillar of cultural diversity and has a key role to play in challenging stereotypes and promoting societal change. The Work Plan recommends two actions to tackle gender gaps in the cultural and creative sectors in the EU - mapping the situation of female artists and cultural professionals (this is the study described above) - convening a working group of Member States experts under the Open Method of Coordination (OMC) to exchange experiences, good practices and to formulate recommendations The Open Method of Coordination (OMC) expert group on gender equality was convened by the European Commission and worked between autumn 2019 and spring 2021 to suggest a set of policy recommendations and actions in response to these challenges under the new Creative Europe programme. The group met 5 times in 2019 and 2020. 22 Member States nominated experts (30 in total), and the group gathered over 80 best practices from EU Member States. Drafting subgroups were set up in line with the report’s chapters (introduction, data collection, history of women in arts and culture, impact of COVID crisis on gender equality in the cultural and creative sectors, gender stereotypes, sexual violence, access to the labour market and gender pay gap, access to resources and arts market, access to decision-making and leadership positions). The group invited a series of external speakers, including from the EENCA, Eurostat, EIGE, European Audiovisual Observatory, and from other Commisison services (DG JUST, DG CNECT). Some members of the OMC group participated in November 2019 in the dialogue between the Commission and the Voices of Culture (VoC) representatives to listen to recommendations of the cultural and creative sector organizations participating in that process Some experts of the OMC group were also involved in the negotiation of the Presidency Conclusions on gender equality in the CCS adopted in December 2020.
What are the results achieved so far through the implementation of the policy/measure?:
The key outcome of the OMC group’s work is the report, “Towards gender equality in the cultural and creative sectors” published in June 2021. Results from the OMC informed, inter alia, the Portuguese Presidency Conference on Social Cohesion (dedicated session on gender equality), on 5-6 May 2021. The report focusses on the following key challenges: gender stereotypes sexual harassment access to the labour market and the gender pay gap access to resources access to leadership positions and female entrepreneurship. In addition to a general overview of the status quo of gender equality in the cultural and creative sectors, including the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, this report details extensive recommendations and good practices on how to implement these. The report is addressed at all policy makers and people in positions of power, as well as the cultural and creative sectors, the media, and the education sector. The report recommends improved collection of reliable and comparable data on the gender gaps across the EU the importance of using gender-sensitive language implementing gender equality in the workplace as well as gender budgeting and gender mainstreaming methodologies. The EC launched the ‘Women on the move’ day in 2019 to discuss the issue of gender balance in the cultural and creative sectors. In follow-up to this, the EC published an overview of good practices from the audio-visual industry to be replicated across Member States. The issue of gender balance in the cultural and creative sectors was also discussed in 2019 between the EC and cultural and creative sectors stakeholders as part of the ‘Voices of culture’ structured dialogue, which gathered 36 sector representatives from across the EU.
Partner(s) engaged in the implementation of the measure: