Describe the main features of the policy/measure:
With the 2015 Paris Agreement, the Korean government recognizes and responds to the national responsibility for reducing greenhouse gas emissions. The Korean government is discussing measures in all areas of economy, society, and culture by organizing the 2050 Carbon Neutrality and Green Growth Commission under the direct control of the President and enacting the ｢Framework Act On Carbon Neutrality And Green Growth For Coping With Climate Crisis｣ (effective from 2022). From around 2021, the cultural field has recognized and responded to climate crisis. Starting with public institutions under the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism, the Korean government is promoting research, forums, and artistic activities to respond to the climate crisis as a form of cultural expression. Korea Culture & Tourism Institute, a national policy research institute, conducted a basic research to establish cultural and tourism policies to cope with the climate crisis in 2021 such as ｢A study to Introduce Environment Friendly Perspective in Cultural Arts｣ and ｢The Tourism Policy Direction to Respond 2050 Carbon Neutrality｣. Publication Industry Promotion Agency of Korea held the 9th
under the theme of ‘How to improve our environment - Things we needed for a sustainable global environment’ in 2021. Furthermore, by the National Theater Company of Korea not only reminded the audience of the importance of carbon neutrality, but also measured the carbon footprint generated in the entire process of production, publicity, and showing of the performance. It was an attempt to establish standards for carbon footprint reduction for the future performing arts. Korea Craft & Design Foundation held an exhibition in Culture Station Seoul 284, which reflected the essence of human beings through the climate crisis. Asia Culture Center held , reflecting the themes of climate change and environmental crisis. Museum of Contemporary Art, Busan also presented special exhibitions on environmental issues such as and .
In July 2021, The Ministers of Culture of the G20 group had a meeting in Italy and agreed on a declaration that firmly positions culture as a major engine for sustainable socio-economic recovery in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic. It particularly mentioned culture having a very important role in responding to the climate crisis issue. In this context, Korea’s cultural activities in response to the climate crisis in the public areas led by the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism partly contribute to implementation of the global agenda.
What are the results achieved so far through the implementation of the policy/measure?:
There is diverse research, forums, art activities happening in response to the climate crisis using culture as a median. Performances and exhibitions with the themes of climate crisis and environment issues stand out among those. In the field of performing arts,
by the National Theater Company of Korea is a representative example. The creators shared the carbon emissions generated during the production process and tried to reduce them in the areas of stage setting, costume, lighting, sound and video, and makeup. In the stage setting, the creators tried to cut back the production of new sets and minimized post-performance waste by using existing props owned by the theater company. Instead of making new costumes, they used existing clothes and used vegetable detergent for washing. In the lighting installation, they used LED lighting instead of incandescent lamps for electricity efficiency, and chose a sound delivery method that uses less power. Makeup artists used vegan cosmetics on actors, and produced promotional posters and program books using eco-friendly paper and soybean oil ink.
In the field of visual art, Museum of Contemporary Art, Busan is a good example. In its 2021 exhibition of , the creators tried to reduce waste and carbon emissions generated during transportation and installation of the artworks. To do this, they transported six artworks from New York via sea, not by air transport, resulting in reduction of carbon emissions by 1/40. In , which was about a marine pollution in the era of climate change, the creators made and sold eco bags out of the waste materials from the exhibition. They also produced and distributed an upcycling experience kit, ‘Dreaming Sea in my bag’.
Partner(s) engaged in the implementation of the measure:
Has the implementation of the policy/measure been evaluated?: